Grândola (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈɡɾɐ̃dulɐ] (listen)) is a town (vila) and municipality in Setúbal District in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 14,826,[1] in an area of 825.94 km2.[2]

Grândola
Flag of Grândola
Coat of arms of Grândola
LocalGrandola.svg
Coordinates: 38°10′N 8°34′W / 38.17°N 8.56°W / 38.17; -8.56Coordinates: 38°10′N 8°34′W / 38.17°N 8.56°W / 38.17; -8.56
Country Portugal
RegionAlentejo
Intermunic. comm.Alentejo Litoral
DistrictSetúbal
Parishes4
Government
 • PresidentCarlos Vicente Beato (CDU)
Area
 • Total825.94 km2 (318.90 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total14,826
 • Density18/km2 (46/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (WEST)
Local holidayMary, mother of Jesus
October 22
Websitehttp://www.cm-grandola.pt

Included in this municipality is Tróia (part of Carvalhal parish), a peninsula between the Atlantic Ocean and the Sado River. Also within the municipality is Serra de Grândola (Grândola Mountain). Nearest city: Alcácer do Sal. The coastal portions of the municipality are part of the Comporta region.

The municipal holiday is October 22.

Grândola has its own railway station on the main line between Lisbon and Faro. Passenger trains are operated by Comboios de Portugal (CP).

ClimateEdit

Grândola has a Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild wet winters. The highest and lowest temperatures registered in the town were respectively 45 °C (113 °F) and −4.5 °C (23.9 °F).[3]

Climate data for Grândola, 1991-2020 normals, 1982-2000 extremes, altitude: 95 m (312 ft)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
26.0
(78.8)
30.0
(86.0)
34.0
(93.2)
35.0
(95.0)
38.5
(101.3)
45.0
(113.0)
40.5
(104.9)
40.5
(104.9)
33.7
(92.7)
27.0
(80.6)
26.5
(79.7)
45.0
(113.0)
Average high °C (°F) 14.3
(57.7)
15.6
(60.1)
18.5
(65.3)
20.6
(69.1)
23.7
(74.7)
27.5
(81.5)
30.2
(86.4)
31.0
(87.8)
28.2
(82.8)
23.7
(74.7)
18.5
(65.3)
15.1
(59.2)
22.2
(72.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
10.5
(50.9)
12.9
(55.2)
14.6
(58.3)
17.3
(63.1)
20.7
(69.3)
22.8
(73.0)
23.2
(73.8)
20.8
(69.4)
17.5
(63.5)
13.1
(55.6)
10.4
(50.7)
16.1
(61.0)
Average low °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
5.4
(41.7)
7.2
(45.0)
8.5
(47.3)
10.9
(51.6)
13.5
(56.3)
15.4
(59.7)
15.3
(59.5)
13.3
(55.9)
11.2
(52.2)
7.7
(45.9)
5.6
(42.1)
9.9
(49.7)
Record low °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−3.8
(25.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.0
(39.2)
5.0
(41.0)
5.5
(41.9)
8.5
(47.3)
5.5
(41.9)
1.5
(34.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−4.5
(23.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 71.8
(2.83)
56.4
(2.22)
44.8
(1.76)
46.9
(1.85)
36.3
(1.43)
8.2
(0.32)
1.5
(0.06)
3.1
(0.12)
30.0
(1.18)
75.7
(2.98)
80.6
(3.17)
86.4
(3.40)
541.7
(21.32)
Source: Portuguese Environment Agency[3]

ParishesEdit

Administratively, the municipality is divided into four civil parishes (freguesias):[4]

Notable inhabitantsEdit

  • Dinis Vital (1932–2014) a Portuguese football goalkeeper, with upwards of 461 club caps
  • Hélder Costa (born 1939 in Grândola) a Portuguese dramatist and playwright

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ "Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país". Archived from the original on 2018-11-05. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  3. ^ a b "Grândola 24F/01C". APA. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  4. ^ Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 54" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 23 July 2014.

External linksEdit