Gore is a town in western Sequoyah County, Oklahoma, United States. It is part of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 977 at the 2010 census, an increase of 15 percent over the figure of 850 recorded in 2000.[4]

Gore, Oklahoma
Location of Gore, Oklahoma
Location of Gore, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°32′30″N 95°06′47″W / 35.54167°N 95.11306°W / 35.54167; -95.11306
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountySequoyah
Area
 • Total2.29 sq mi (5.92 km2)
 • Land2.28 sq mi (5.91 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation535 ft (163 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total951
 • Density416.56/sq mi (160.83/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
74435
Area code(s)539/918
FIPS code40-30300[3]
GNIS feature ID2412692[2]
Websitewww.townofgore.org

Gore claims to be the "trout capital of Oklahoma", with great fishing in Lake Tenkiller, the Illinois River, and the Arkansas River.[5]

History

edit

This community began as a small settlement in Indian Territory known as Campbell, named for Dr. W. W. Campbell, who, along with Joe Lynch, operated a ferry across the Arkansas River between Campbell and Webbers Falls. Tahlonteskee, the capital of the Western Cherokee from 1828–1839, was near here, just two miles to the north of town.[a] In 1829, John Jolly, chief of the Cherokee Nation–West, built a home in this area.

The settlement was also known as Illinois Station or "Illinois Station, Campbell Post Office." It became a stage stop on the route between Fort Gibson and Fort Smith. A post office designation of Campbell was assigned to Dr. Campbell's store in 1888. Also in 1888, the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway (later the Missouri Pacific Railway) built a rail line through the settlement.[6]

By 1909, the town had a bank, two lumber companies, a flour mill, a cotton gin, two hotels, and numerous retail outlets. The town changed its name on October 22, 1909, in honor of Oklahoma Senator Thomas Gore, who was serving as one of Oklahoma's U. S. senators immediately after statehood. A fire destroyed most of the business district in 1909. Gore had a population of 319 by the 1910 U. S. census.[6]

The town almost got a second rail line in 1917 when Congress approved construction by the Webbers Falls Railroad of a bridge over the Arkansas from Webbers Falls.[7] However, that railroad was instead scrapped in 1918.[8]

Kerr-McGee built the Sequoyah Fuels Corporation uranium mill on a 300 acres (120 ha) tract located 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Gore to convert uranium ore into uranium hexafluoride (UF6).[b] The UF6 plant was bought by General Atomics in 1988, and closed in 1993.[6]

Demographics

edit
Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1910316
19203294.1%
1930297−9.7%
194033412.5%
195038715.9%
1960334−13.7%
197047843.1%
1980445−6.9%
199069055.1%
200085023.2%
201097714.9%
2020951−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 850 people, 368 households, and 257 families residing in the town. The population density was 372.4 inhabitants per square mile (143.8/km2). There were 416 housing units at an average density of 182.3 per square mile (70.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 68.59% White, 0.12% African American, 24.71% Native American, 0.12% from other races, and 6.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 368 households, out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $27,266, and the median income for a family was $37,000. Males had a median income of $28,125 versus $27,188 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,059. About 15.2% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 21.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

edit

Notes

edit
  1. ^ After the Eastern Cherokee were relocated to Indian Territory and united with the Western Cherokees, Tahlequah became the Cherokee capital. Thereafter, Tahlonteskee became the courthouse of the Illinois District of the Cherokee Nation until 1846.[6]
  2. ^ The product was shipped to another plant near Oklahoma City, where it was used to make fuel rods for nuclear reactors.[6]

References

edit
  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Gore, Oklahoma
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ Census Viewer: Population of the City of Gore, Oklahoma. Retrieved April 3, 2012 [1] Archived June 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Gore, Oklahoma Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Accessed March 18, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e Larry O'Dell, "Gore". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  7. ^ "Webbers Falls Railroad". 1917. Retrieved September 26, 2022.
  8. ^ "Buying Whole Railroads and Reducing Them to Junk". Current Opinion, Volume 65, p.274-275, October 1918. 1918. Retrieved September 26, 2022.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Resume aside, Rowe focused on next job", Portland Press-Herald, May 13, 2010.
edit