Gomphus (dragonfly)

Gomphus is a genus of clubtail dragonflies in the family Gomphidae.

Gomphus
Gomphus vulgatissimus.jpg
Gomphus vulgatissimus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Odonata
Suborder: Epiprocta
Infraorder: Anisoptera
Family: Gomphidae
Genus: Gomphus
Leach, 1815
Gomphus flavipes
a fossil of a G. tuberculatus of Brazil in the Naturhistorisches Museum (Vienna)

As a result of phylogenetic studies, Gomphus subgenera Gomphurus, Hylogomphus, Phanogomphus, and Stenogomphurus were elevated in rank to genus in 2017. With the removal of their member species, Gomphus ended up with 11 of its previous 54 species, none of which are found in the Western Hemisphere.[1]

SpeciesEdit

These 11 species belong to the genus Gomphus:

Male Female Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Gomphus davidi Selys, 1887[2] Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey.
Gomphus epophtalmus Selys, 1872 Russia
  Gomphus flavipes (Charpentier, 1825) yellow-legged clubtail, river clubtail[3] France to eastern Siberia.
  Gomphus graslinii Rambur, 1842 pronged clubtail[3] France, Portugal, and Spain
Gomphus kinzelbachi Schneider, 1984 Iran and Iraq.
Gomphus lucasii Lucas, 1849 Algeria and Tunisia.
    Gomphus pulchellus Selys, 1840 western clubtail[3] Western Europe
  Gomphus schneiderii Selys, 1850 Turkish clubtail[3] Europe
  Gomphus simillimus Selys, 1840 yellow clubtail[3] western Europe and the Mahgreb
    Gomphus vulgatissimus (Linnaeus, 1758) common clubtail, club-tailed dragonfly[3][4][5] Europe

These species formerly belonged to the genus Gomphus:[6][7][8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ware, Jessica L.; Pilgrim, Erik; May, Michael L.; Donnelly, Thomas W.; et al. (2017). "Phylogenetic relationships of North American Gomphidae and their close relatives". Systematic Entomology. 42 (2): 347–358. doi:10.1111/syen.12218. PMC 6104399. PMID 30147221.
  2. ^ Schneider, W. (2010). "Gomphus davidi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T60300A12339729. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T60300A12339729.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Checklist, English common names". Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  4. ^ "Checklist of UK Species". British Dragonfly Society. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
  5. ^ Brian Nelson; Robert Thompson (2004). The Natural History of Ireland's Dragonflies. Ulster Museum. ISBN 978-0-900761-45-4.
  6. ^ "Hylogomphus Genus Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  7. ^ "Odonata Central". Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  8. ^ "World Odonata List". Slater Museum of Natural History, University of Puget Sound. Retrieved 2018-08-18.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit