Glashow resonance

In particle physics, the Glashow resonance is the resonant formation of the W boson in antineutrino-electron collisions:
ν
e
+
e

W
.[1]

HistoryEdit

The resonance was proposed by Sheldon L. Glashow in 1959.

TheoryEdit

The threshold antineutrino energy for this process (for the electron at rest in the laboratory frame) is given by the formula

 

(here is, for completeness, included also the antineutrino mass, which vanishes in the Standard model), which gives 6.3 PeV. This process is considered for the detection and studies of high-energy cosmic neutrinos at the IceCube experiment, at the ANTARES neutrino telescope, and at the KM3NeT neutrino telescope.

DetectionEdit

A report observing the resonance at 2.3σ level has been made by the IceCube experiment.[2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Glashow, Sheldon L. (1960-04-01). "Resonant Scattering of Antineutrinos". Physical Review. American Physical Society (APS). 118 (1): 316–317. doi:10.1103/physrev.118.316. ISSN 0031-899X.
  2. ^ Collaboration, IceCube (2021-03-10). "Detection of a particle shower at the Glashow resonance with IceCube". Nature. 591: 220–224. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03256-1. hdl:1854/LU-8705937.
  3. ^ Distefano, Carla (2021-03-10). "Giant ice cube hints at the existence of cosmic antineutrinos". Nature. 591: 206–207. doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00486-1.