Glasgow Cathcart (UK Parliament constituency)
Glasgow Cathcart was a burgh constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until 2005, when it was replaced by the larger Glasgow South constituency.
|Former Burgh constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Subdivisions of Scotland||City of Glasgow|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Glasgow South|
|Created from||Mid Lanarkshire|
1950–1974: The County of the City of Glasgow wards of Cathcart and Langside, and part of Govanhill ward.
1974–1983: The County of the City of Glasgow ward of Cathcart, and part of Langside ward.
1983–1997: The City of Glasgow District electoral divisions of King's Park/Aitkenhead, Linn Park/Castlemilk, and Pollokshaws/Newlands.
1997–2005: The City of Glasgow District electoral divisions of Battlefield/Croftfoot, Carnwadric/Newlands, and Castlemilk/Carmunnock.
For generations, Glasgow Cathcart was an extremely safe Conservative seat and for fifty-six years, the constituency always returned a Conservative MP. The area was the wealthiest part of the city and was mainly inhabited by "well to do" business families and contained large detached houses. It was Glasgow's equivalent of Kensington and Chelsea in London. However, when Labour won the general election in 1964, Glasgow had a lot of slum clearance and a lot of council housing was built in the Cathcart area, and areas which had previously been fields now housed the families from the old slums. These families naturally voted Labour and time and time, again the Conservative majorities dwindled. In 1966, the Conservative majority fell to a record low of 1,200 votes.
In 1970, the Conservatives increased their majority to around 5,000 but at the next two general elections in 1974 it soon fell again. In 1979, when Margaret Thatcher took office, the Conservatives lost the seat to Labour, against the national trend where there was a large swing to the Conservatives. After redrawn boundaries were made in 1983, the seat was notionally Conservative but like 1979 the seat went against the national trend and the Labour MP increased his majority. From 1983–97, the Conservatives lost more ground time after time except for a small improvement in 1992 (inline with the national trend in Scotland, which ran counter to that across the United Kingdom). In 1997, Labour won a landslide victory in which the Conservatives lost all their seats in Scotland, and the seat became a safe Labour seat.
Since then, the Conservatives had fallen into third and fourth place. The seat still has more Conservative voters than any other Glasgow constituency, but only 5,000 at the last election when it was replaced by Glasgow South.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Labour||Gavin Brown Clark||4,899||23.1||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||John Primrose Hay||9,137||34.0||+10.9|
|National Liberal||Andrew Rae Duncan||9,104||33.8||−43.1|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing||+27.0|
|Labour||John Primrose Hay||8,884||34.7||+0.7|
|Liberal||Thomas Graham Robertson||5,894||23.0||−10.8|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing||+4.7|
|Labour||John Primrose Hay||9,915||35.0||+0.3|
|Labour||John Primrose Hay||12,983||36.3||+1.3|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||A. L. Ritchie||8,919||24.7||-11.6|
|New Party||J. Mellick||529||1.5||N/A|
|Labour||Alasdair Alpin MacGregor||12,995||37.9||+13.2|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Independent Progressive||William Douglas-Home||3,807||21.0||N/A|
|Ind. Labour Party||James Carmichael||2,493||13.8||N/A|
|Labour||A. B. Mackay||9,689||37.2||−4.0|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||Ian Rosslyn Mitchell||10,269||27.3||−13.9|
|Liberal||Malcolm I Shields||2,984||7.9||N/A|
|Labour||Agnes M. Patrick||10,912||29.5||+2.2|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||Frederick L Forrester||25,330||48.4||+1.3|
|Anti-Vivisection||Gabriel A Barlow||516||1.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||Donald C.H. Mackay||24,188||45.0||−3.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.4|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Conservative||Douglas J. May||11,807||30.5||−15.8|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||George C. Dick||2,614||7.8||−7.4|
|Scottish Green||Kay M. Allan||441||1.3||N/A|
The boundaries of the seat were significantly re-drawn between 1992 and 1997.
|Conservative||Alistair J. Muir||4,248||12.4||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Callan Dick||2,302||6.9||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Zofia Indyk||687||2.0||N/A|
|Scottish Socialist||James Stevenson||458||1.3||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|SNP||Josephine U. Docherty||4,086||14.9||−3.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Tom Henery||3,006||11.0||+4.1|
|Scottish Socialist||James Stevenson||1,730||6.3||N/A|
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
- The Times, 16 November 1922
- The Times, 8 December 1923
- Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1944
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.