Givaudan (pronounced [ʒivodɑ̃]) is a Swiss manufacturer of flavours, fragrances and active cosmetic ingredients. As of 2008, it is the world's largest company in the flavour and fragrance industries.
|Traded as||SIX: GIVN|
|Industry||Flavours and fragrance|
|Gilles Andrier, CEO Calvin Grieder, Chairman |
|Products||Flavours and fragrance|
|Revenue||CHF 5,1 billion (2018)|
Number of employees
|11,710 (30 June 2018)|
The company's scents and flavours are developed for food and beverage makers, and also used in household goods, as well as grooming and personal care products and perfumes. Givaudan’s flavours and fragrances are usually custom-made and sold under confidentiality agreements. Givaudan uses ScentTrek, a technology that captures the chemical makeup of smell from living plants. The company has locations in Europe, Africa and the Middle East, North America, Latin America and Asia Pacific. In 2016, Givaudan had sales of CHF 4,7 billion with an overall market share of 25%. It is one of Switzerland’s 30 biggest listed companies in terms of market capitalization. In 2016, CHF 400 million of its sales were reinvested in R&D. Givaudan is a member of the European Flavour Association.
Givaudan was founded as a perfumery company in 1895 in Lyon France by Leon and Xavier Givaudan, although some parts of the modern company date back as far as 1796. In 1898 Givaudan moved to Geneva (Switzerland) and constructed a factory in Vernier. In 1946, Givaudan opened a perfumery school, which trained a third of the world’s creative perfumers. In 1948 the company acquired Ersolko SA, which transitioned Givaudan also into the flavor industry. In 1963, Givaudan was acquired by Roche and in 1964, Roche acquired one of Givaudan's competitors, Roure. Roure was founded in Grasse, France during 1820. In 1937 Roure created the first designer perfume: Schocking for Schiaparelli. Givaudan's original United States fragrance headquarters, in Teaneck, New Jersey, was built in 1972 from a design by Der Scutt, architect of the Trump Tower. The company later moved to East Hanover, NJ.
In 1991 Givaudan and Roure were merged to form Givaudan-Roure. Also in 1991, the company bought Fritzsche, Dodge and Olcott. In 1997 Givaudan-Roure acquired another flavor company, Tastemaker, based in Cincinnati (USA). The merger made Givaudan the largest flavor company in the world. In 2000 Givaudan-Roure was spun off by Roche as Givaudan and listed on the Swiss Stock Exchange (Code GIVN.VX) where it is part of the SLI.
In 2002 Givaudan acquired FIS, the flavours division of Nestle, for which Nestle received a 10% stake in the company. The following year Givaudan purchased the cheese flavor company IBF. In 2004 the company expanded its operations in China, which had been in place since the 1990s.
On 22 November 2006, Givaudan announced the acquisition of Quest International to be completed Q1 2007. On 21 February 2007, the EU approved the merger of Givaudan and Quest clearing the final regulatory hurdle for the merger after the United States authorities approved the merger earlier in the month. The merger deal closed on 2 March 2007. The acquisition makes Givaudan the global leader in both fine fragrances and consumer products; it was already the global leader in flavours and the acquisition of Quest International strengthens their position. The acquisition of Quest boosted Givaudan's sales by 42% from CHF 2,909 million in 2006 to CHF 4,132 million in 2007.
In 2013 Nestle sold its share in Givaudan for $1.3 billion. By 2014 the company had about $4.6 USD billion in revenues. That year the company had its first acquisition since Quest, purchasing Soliance. Givaudan also released the TasteSolutions Richness line of flavours. It also launched the Givaudan Foundation, and has a programme that works with patchouli and other grower collection networks to establish sustainable development practices, called the Innovative Naturals programme.
Givaudan and the environmentEdit
On July 10, 1976 the Seveso disaster, Italy’s worst ecological disaster, released a toxic cloud into the atmosphere. Italy's highest court awarded moral damages to the residents for anxiety incurred. Givaudan, the parent company of ICMESA paid EUR103.9 million (US$90.3 million) in cleanup costs and compensation to those who suffered physical injuries as a result of the incident. In the 2000s, Givaudan partnered with local communities in Guam, where the local crop of gum is used as an export business. The partnership supports sustainability efforts in the trade of benzoin. These efforts included the building of two secondary schools in the region to institute formal education for the children of the region. They also work with the local communities on forest preservation.
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Our Management". givaudan.com.
- "2016 annual report - Givaudan". www.givaudan.com.
- "Flavor & Fragrance Industry - Top 10". leffingwell.com.
- Katchadourian, Raffi (2009). "The Taste Makers". The New Yorker (23 November): 86–99.
- Büscher, Bram; Davidov, Veronica (15 August 2013). The Ecotourism-Extraction Nexus. google.ca. ISBN 9781135945268.
- "Corporate publications" (PDF). givaudan.com.
- "About EFFA". EFFA. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
- Wolfgang Legrum (2015). Riechstoffe, zwischen Gestank und Duft: Vorkommen, Eigenschaften und Anwendung von Riechstoffen und deren Gemischen. Springer-Verlag. p. 209. ISBN 9783658073107. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Leading Sensory Innovation. 104. Chemical Engineering Progress. 2008. p. 77. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Thom Votteler (2001). International Directory of Company Histories, Volume 43. St. James Press. p. 192. ISBN 9781558624610. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Chris Rowley; Jayantee Saha; David Ang (2011). Succeed or Sink: Business Sustainability Under Globalisation. Elsevier. p. 72. ISBN 9781780633312. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Bruno Ziglioli (2010). La mina vagante. Il disastro di Seveso e la solidarietà nazionale (in Italian). FrancoAngeli. p. 169. ISBN 9788856828672. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Groom, N. (30 June 1997). New Perfume Handbook. google.ca. ISBN 9780751404036.
- Chadderdon, Lisa. "The Sweet Smell of Success: A building in Teaneck, New Jersey is the source of some of the world's most popular fragrances. Meet Givaudan Roure's perfumers, the 'ghostwriters' behind your favorite scents.", Fast Company (magazine), March 1998. Accessed 22 August 2007. "In fact, more than 30% of the world's fine perfumes for women can be traced to Givaudan Roure - and to an inconspicuous brick building set back from the street in suburban Teaneck, New Jersey. Inside the building, designed by Der Scutt (architect of the Trump Tower) and constructed in 1972, is an environment that fosters creativity."
- Howard Prosnitz (26 November 2009). "Major Teaneck ratable remains vacant". North Jersey Record. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- David Rowe (2009). Chemistry and Technology of Flavours and Fragrances. John Wiley & Sons. p. 4. ISBN 9781405148078. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "Nestlé drops Givaudan from balance sheet". Swiss Info. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- John Revill (6 December 2013). "Nestlé to Sell Its 10% Stake in Givaudan". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "Givaudan Smells Opportunity in China". Chemical & Engineering News. 10 November 2004. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- "Givaudan - engage your senses". givaudan.com. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
- "CNBC Interview with CEO Gilles Andrier on Quest acquisition".
- EU approval for merger.
- Quest acquisition closure Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Corporate publications" (PDF). givaudan.com.
- "The Sweet Smell of the Bronx". NY City Lens.
- "Givaudan buys France's Soliance in first acquisition since 2007". Reuters.
- "Givaudan breaks down flavour components for 'home-cooked' taste". FoodNavigator.com.
- "Givaudan launches charitable foundation". CosmeticsDesign-Europe.com.
- John Revill (29 January 2015). "Givaudan Scents Tough Conditions Continuing in 2015". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- "Givaudan furthers patchouli collection network". CosmeticsDesign.com USA.
- "Victims of toxic cloud over Seveso entitled to "moral damages," claims could reach tens of millions of euros". highbeam.com.
- Amarjit Sahota (2014). Sustainability: How the Cosmetics Industry is Greening Up. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 94–95. ISBN 9781118676486. Retrieved 23 April 2015.