Gipuzkoa Championship

The Gipuzkoa Regional Championship (Spanish: Campeonato Regional de Guipúzcoa; Basque: Gipuzkoako Herrialde Txapelketa) was an official football tournament in Spain, organised by the Gipuzkoan Football Federation in which affiliated clubs participated. It was played annually between 1918 and 1940 and served to elect the representative of the territory in the Copa del Rey.[1]

The Gipuzkoa Football Federation's logo

HistoryEdit

In 1918, following several disagreements between the clubs in the North Federation of Spanish football which covered the Basque provinces of Biscay and Gipuzkoa, culminating in a pivotal championship match between Athletic Bilbao and Real Sociedad being abandoned,[2] the National Committee of the Spanish Federation agreed to divide the existing region into separate championships.[3] Thus, for the 1918–19 season Gipuzkoan clubs launched their own championship while the North Championship continued comprising the Biscay teams and the re-entry of Racing Santander, representing neighbouring Cantabria. In their last season as members of the North group, Gipuzkoans Real Unión took the title (following the aforementioned dispute between Athletic and Real Sociedad)[2] and went on win the 1918 Copa del Rey.[4]

Clubs belonging to other provinces were also affiliated to the Gipuzkoan Federation, together with those based in the province itself: clubs from Navarre and La Rioja were affiliated, the most notable being those of CA Osasuna and CD Logroño, who played in the top level of the Gipuzkoa championship; Logroño eventually even managed to win the title twice. In 1928 the Navarre Federation was founded and Osasuna left the Gipuzkoa championship, although by 1929 they had returned, with the competition becoming the 'Gipuzkoa-Navarre Combined Championship'. In 1931, clubs from Aragón were added and the name changed to the 'Gipuzkoa-Navarre-Aragón Combined Championship'; however, the Gipuzkoan teams remained dominant.

In 1934 the Spanish Federation carried out a significant restructuring of the national tournaments, so that the regional championships were replaced by superregional ones, in which the best clubs of different regional federations were grouped. In the case of the Basque region, the 'Basque Cup' was launched in 1934–35. The teams of Gipuzkoa and Navarre were integrated into the Basque Cup, while CD Logroño and the Aragón teams were integrated into a new 'Cantabria-Castile-Aragón Cup'. These tournaments were played for two years, until being interrupted by the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.

During the last months of the war in 1939, football activity was resumed in some areas controlled by the Nationalist side, under the impulse of the Spanish Federation and the regional federations. Six teams participated in the reborn Gipuzkoa Championship, the novelty of which was the inclusion of teams from Álava in the federation, since until then they had been affiliated to the Biscay Championship. The champions Alavés and runners-up Donostia[a] took part in the 1939 Copa del Generalísimo.

The Gipuzkoa-Navarre-Aragón Combined Championship resumed in the 1939–40 season, again providing qualification for the Spanish Cup, since then called Copa del Generalísimo. However, restructuring approved by the Spanish Federation in 1940 quickly led to the disappearance of the regional championships.

Seasons summaryEdit

Season[b][1] Champion Copa del Rey[c] Runner-up Copa del Rey[c][d]
1918–19[1] Real Sociedad Quarter-finals Real Unión N/A
1919–20[5] Real Unión Semi-finals Real Sociedad N/A
1920–21[6] Real Unión Semi-finals Real Sociedad N/A
1921–22[7] Real Unión Runners-up Real Sociedad N/A
1922–23[8] Real Sociedad Semi-finals Real Unión N/A
1923–24[9] Real Unión Winners Real Sociedad N/A
1924–25[10] Real Sociedad Group stage Real Unión N/A
1925–26[11] Real Unión Semi-finals Real Sociedad Quarter-finals
1926–27[12] Real Sociedad Group stage Real Unión Winners
1927–28[13] Real Unión Group stage Real Sociedad Runners-up
1928–29[14][e] Real Sociedad Round of 16 CD Logroño Round of 16
1929–30[16][f] Real Unión Quarter-finals Real Sociedad Round of 16
1930–31[17][f] Real Unión Quarter-finals CD Logroño Semi-finals
1931–32[18][g] CD Logroño[h] Round of 32 Donostia FC[a] Quarter-finals
1932–33[19][g] Donostia FC[a] Round of 32 CD Logroño Round of 16
1933–34[20][g] CD Logroño Round of 32 Donostia FC[a] Round of 16
1934–35[21][i] Athletic Club Round of 16 CA Osasuna Semi-finals
1935–36[24][i] Arenas Club de Getxo Round of 16 Real Unión Group stage
1936–39 No competition due to the Spanish Civil War
1939[j] Deportivo Alavés Semi-finals Donostia FC[a] Quarter-finals
1939–40[26][g] Zaragoza CF Semi-finals Osasuna Round of 16

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Real Sociedad changed its name due to the demands of the Spanish Second Republic.
  2. ^ Clubs from Navarre and La Rioja also took part
  3. ^ a b Progress made in the Copa del Rey by qualifiers from the regional championship.
  4. ^ Runners-up also qualified for the Copa del Rey from 1926.
  5. ^ Clubs from Navarre left the competition for 1928–29 and formed their own.[15]
  6. ^ a b Clubs from Navarre returned and the competition was known as the Gipuzkoa-Navarre Combined Championship.
  7. ^ a b c d Clubs from Aragón took part and the competition was known as the Gipuzkoa-Navarre-Aragón Combined Championship.
  8. ^ The designation of CD Logroño as champion is disputed. Although they obtained more points than Donostia, when Zaragoza withdrew from the competition by agreement of the national federation, the results of their matches were considered invalid. This would have given the title to Donostia by goal-average.
  9. ^ a b Clubs from Gipuzkoa and Navarre played in the Basque Cup (along with those from Álava and Biscay); those from La Rioja and Aragón played in the Cantabria-Castile-Aragón Cup.[22][23]
  10. ^ Reverted to Gipuzkoa championship; clubs from Álava also took part; clubs in Navarre[1] and Aragón[25] held their own competitions.

Summary of ChampionsEdit

Club[1] Winner Runner-up
Real Unión 8 (1919–20, 1920–21, 1921–22, 1923–24, 1925–26,
1927–28, 1929–30, 1930–31)[a]
4 (1918–19, 1922–23, 1924–25, 1926–27)[b]
Real Sociedad 6 (1918–19, 1922–23, 1924–25, 1926–27, 1928–29,
1932–33)
10 (1919–20, 1920–21, 1921–22, 1923–24, 1925–26,
1927–28, 1929–30, 1931–32, 1933–34, 1939)[c]
CD Logroño 2 (1931–32, 1933–34) 3 (1928–29, 1930–31, 1932–33)
Deportivo Alavés 1 (1939) 0
Real Zaragoza 1 (1939–40) 0
CA Osasuna 0 1 (1939–40)[d]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Also winners of the North Championship once in 1917–18.
  2. ^ Also runners-up in the Basque Cup in 1935–36.
  3. ^ Also runners-up twice in the North Championship.
  4. ^ Also runners-up in the Basque Cup in 1934–35.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Spain - List of Champions of Norte". RSSSF. 21 January 2000. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b Félix Martialay (2000). ¡¡¡Amberes!!! Allí nació la furia española [Antwerp!!! There the Spanish fury was born] (in Spanish). CIHEFE [es]. p. 168. ISBN 9788492109777. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  3. ^ "El pleito Vizcaya-Guipuzcoa da el traste con el Comité Nacional: Asamblea extraordinariara" [Extraordinary Assembly: the Vizcaya-Guipúscoa lawsuit dealt with by the National Committee] (in Spanish). Mundo Deportivo. 7 May 1918. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  4. ^ Diego García (6 November 2017). "El Real Unión campeón de 1918: histórico por una renuncia" [Real Unión champion of 1918: historic for a resignation] (in Spanish). Marca. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano 1919-20" [Gipuzkoa Regional Championship 1919-20]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano 1920-21" [Gipuzkoa Regional Championship 1920-21]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano 1921-22" [Gipuzkoa Regional Championship 1921-22]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  8. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano 1922-23" [Gipuzkoa Regional Championship 1922-23]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano 1923-24" [Gipuzkoa Regional Championship 1923-24]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  10. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano 1924-25" [Gipuzkoa Regional Championship 1924-25]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano 1925-26" [Gipuzkoa Regional Championship 1925-26]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano 1926-27" [Gipuzkoa Regional Championship 1926-27]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano (fase final) 1927-28" [Gipuzkoa Regional Championship 1927-28]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  14. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano 1928-29" [Gipuzkoa Regional Championship 1928-29]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Campeonato Regional Navarro 1928-29" [Naverre Regional Championship 1928-29]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Campeonato Regional Mancomunado Guipuzcoano-Navarro 1929-30" [Gipuzkoa-Navarre Regional Championship 1929-30]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Campeonato Regional Mancomunado Guipuzcoano-Navarro 1930-31" [Gipuzkoa-Navarre Championship 1930-31]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  18. ^ "Campeonato Regional Mancomunado Guipuzcoano-Navarro-Aragonés 1931-32" [Gipuzkoa-Navarre-Aragón Combined Regional Championship 1931-32]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  19. ^ "Campeonato Regional Mancomunado Guipuzcoano-Navarro-Aragonés 1932-33" [Gipuzkoa-Navarre-Aragón Combined Regional Championship 1932-33]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  20. ^ "Campeonato Regional Mancomunado Guipuzcoano-Navarro-Aragonés 1933-34" [Gipuzkoa-Navarre-Aragón Combined Regional Championship 1933-34]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  21. ^ "Copa Vasca 1934–35" [Basque Cup 1934–35]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  22. ^ "Campeonato Regional Mancomunado Castilla-Aragón-Cantabria 1934-35" [Castile-Aragón-Cantabria Combined Regional Championship 1934-35]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  23. ^ "Campeonato Regional Mancomunado Castilla-Aragón-Cantabria 1935-36" [Castile-Aragón-Cantabria Combined Regional Championship 1935-36]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  24. ^ "Copa Vasca 1935–36" [Basque Cup 1935–36]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  25. ^ "Campeonato Regional Aragonés 1938-39" [Aragón Regional Championship 1938-39]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  26. ^ "Campeonato Regional Guipuzcoano-Navarro-Aragonés 1939-40" [Gipuzkoa-Navarre-Aragón Regional Championship 1939-40]. FutbolME (in Spanish). Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  • Martínez Calatrava, Vicente (2001). Historia y estadística del fúbol español. ISBN 978-84-607-5701-6