Gim Myeong-guk (김명국, b. 1600, d. after 1662), also known as Kim Myeong-guk, was a full-time painter of the mid Joseon period of Korea.
Dalmado by Gim Myeong-guk
|Revised Romanization||Gim Myeongguk|
|Revised Romanization||Yeondam, Chwiong|
Life and legacyEdit
Quite immediately, Gim Myeong-guk appeared as a new type of artist, clearly distinctive from his contemporaries, who more or less worked as craftsmen that faithfully replicated mainstream styles. A diplomatic statement is "he was known to have an artistic personality that was characterized by individualism and obstinacy", while an understatement would be "his contemporaries described him as a carefree drunkard, a characterization that corresponds to the Chinese image of the eccentric artist".
Nevertheless, (or precisely for this reason), Gim Myeong-guk has been in charge of many official artistic tasks. He was member of both the large-scale Tongsinsa send to Japan by King Injo (1595–1623–1649). The 1636 delegation was led by Im Gwang (1579–1644), while the 1643 delegation was led by Yun Sunji (1591–1666). "According to one account, Gim became distraught with exhaustion because an endless stream of Japanese enthusiasts, eager to purchase his works, would not allow him a moment of peace". Dalmado (cf infra) was painted during his second trip to Japan.
In 1647, he directed a team of 6 Senior painters (화원) and 66 other people to repair the Changgyeong Palace. Later he was in charge of portraits of meritorious subjects. The circumstances and the year of his death are unknown. His last known painting (Sasipalgyeongdo) dates back to 1662.
Although retained as a court painter, Gim was also a pioneering artist who insisted on creating works that were true to his personality and sentiments.
Most of the Gim Myeong-guk paintings involving people have Buddhist themes (and a specific artistic style). His pen name Yeondam ("Lotus pond") has Buddhist connotations. Yi Saek was the scholar official that opposed the overthrowing of Buddhism at the foundation of the Joseon Kingdom.
His landscape paintings are more 'mainstream', but nevertheless specific.
- Turner 2003, p. (18)57
- . Hong Sun-pyo, Professor of Art History, Ewha Womans University Graduate School (2007). "Creating Masterful Paintings from Brush and Ink". Koreana. The Korean Foundation. 21 (1). Retrieved 2013-04-15.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- (in Korean) Britannica. http://preview.britannica.co.kr/bol/topic.asp?article_id=b03g1578a
- National Museum of Korea, http://126.96.36.199/program/relic/relicDetailImageEng.jsp?menuID=002005002&langCodeCon=LC2&relicID=4417&relicDetailID=17666&searchSelect=NAME¤tPage=2&pageSize=10&back=relicSearchListEng
- KCC 2013
- TWA 2013
- Arts of Korea, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Gim Myeong-guk