Dohwaseo or Korean Royal Academy of Painting (Korean: 도화서, hanja: 圖畵署) is an administrative office of Joseon drawing pictures requested by other administrative offices of Joseon. It was originally called Dohwawon (Korean: 도화원) since Goryeo Dynasty until Yejong, but office's class has been dropped, and office was renamed to Dohwaseo.
Organization and rolesEdit
Gyeongguk daejeon documented that Dohwaseo is made of one Je-ju (Korean: 제주, hanja: 提調), two Byeol-je (Korean: 별제, hanja: 別提), and twenty miscellaneous workers. Main task of this organization was to paint a practical paints to the Nation, such as creating Uigwe. Besides, they drew portraits of King, popular men or maps.
Artists who worked on Dohwaseo were called Hwanwon or Hwasa. An Gyeon, hwawon during Sejong the Great, is famous for his Shan shui, and left Mongyudowondo and Sasipaljungdo. Kim Hong-do and Shin Yun-bok is also famous Hwawon for their drawings.
Institutes equivalent in the rest of the worldEdit
- "도화서 - Daum 백과사전" (in Korean). Daum Kakao. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- 한국역사연구회 (1996). 조선시대사람들은 어떻게 살았을까 (in Korean). 청년사. p. 181. ISBN 8972783188. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Lee, Joon-gu (2013). 조선의 화가 (in Korean). Star Books. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
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