Dohwaseo or Korean Royal Academy of Painting (Korean: 도화서, hanja: ) is an administrative office of Joseon drawing pictures requested by other administrative offices of Joseon. It was originally called Dohwawon (Korean: 도화원) since Goryeo Dynasty until Yejong,[1] but office's class has been dropped, and office was renamed to Dohwaseo.[2]

Organization and rolesEdit

Gyeongguk daejeon documented that Dohwaseo is made of one Je-ju (Korean: 제주, hanja: 調), two Byeol-je (Korean: 별제, hanja: ), and twenty miscellaneous workers. Main task of this organization was to paint a practical paints to the Nation, such as creating Uigwe. Besides, they drew portraits of King, popular men or maps.[2]


Artists who worked on Dohwaseo were called Hwanwon or Hwasa. An Gyeon, hwawon during Sejong the Great, is famous for his Shan shui, and left Mongyudowondo and Sasipaljungdo. Kim Hong-do and Shin Yun-bok is also famous Hwawon for their drawings.[3]

See alsoEdit

Institutes equivalent in the rest of the worldEdit


  1. ^ "도화서 - Daum 백과사전" (in Korean). Daum Kakao. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b 한국역사연구회 (1996). 조선시대사람들은 어떻게 살았을까 (in Korean). 청년사. p. 181. ISBN 8972783188. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  3. ^ Lee, Joon-gu (2013). 조선의 화가 (in Korean). Star Books. Retrieved 9 December 2014.