Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Gloucester

Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, 5th Earl of Gloucester, 1st Lord of Glamorgan, 7th Lord of Clare (1180 – 25 October 1230) was the son of Richard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford (c. 1153–1217), from whom he inherited the Clare estates. He also inherited from his mother, Amice Fitz William, the estates of Gloucester and the honour of St. Hilary, and from Rohese, an ancestor, the moiety of the Giffard estates. In June 1202, he was entrusted with the lands of Harfleur and Montrevillers.[1]

Gilbert de Clare
4th Earl of Hertford
5th Earl of Gloucester
1st Lord of Glamorgan
Gilbert de Claire. Illustration taken from a stained glass window at Tewkesbury Abbey.
Earl of Hertford
Earl of Gloucester

PredecessorRichard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford
SuccessorRichard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester
Other titles
  • 7th Lord of Clare
  • 7th Lord of Tonbridge
  • 6th Lord of Cardigan
Hertford, Hertfordshire, England
Died25 October 1230
Brittany, France
BuriedTonbridge Priory
Familyde Clare
SpouseIsabel Marshal
FatherRichard de Clare, 3rd Earl of Hertford
MotherAmice Fitz William, suo jure Countess of Gloucester
OccupationPeerage of England
The Seal of Gilbert de Clare



In 1215, Gilbert and his father were two of the barons made Magna Carta sureties and championed Louis "le Dauphin" of France in the First Barons' War, fighting at Lincoln under the baronial banner. He was taken prisoner in 1217 by William Marshal, whose daughter Isabel he later married on 9 October, her 17th birthday.

In 1223, he accompanied his brother-in-law, Earl Marshal, in an expedition into Wales. In 1225 he was present at the confirmation of Magna Carta by Henry III. In 1228, he led an army against the Welsh, capturing Morgan Gam, who was released the next year.

He then joined in an expedition to Brittany, but died on his way back to Penrose in that duchy. His body was conveyed home by way of Plymouth and Cranborne to Tewkesbury. His own arms were: Or, three chevronels gules.



Gilbert de Clare had six children by his wife Isabel Marshal, great-grandmother of King Robert the Bruce:

  • Agnes de Clare (b. 1218)
  • Amice de Clare (1220–1287), who married Baldwin de Redvers, 6th Earl of Devon
  • Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester (1222–1262)
  • Isabel de Clare (1226–1264), who married Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale
  • William de Clare (1228–1258)
  • Gilbert de Clare (b. 1229)
  • Petronilla de Clare, of Instow, Devon (b. abt. 1230 - 1320) Abbess of Canonleigh Abbey, Devon (1318). She married John St. John d. 1303, of Ashleigh, Devon, the younger brother of Roger St. John d. 1265 of Stanton-St. John and elder half-brother of John Despenser. They acquired his brothers' lands (Stanton-St. John, Lageham, Swallowfield) after their rebellion and their lands were confiscated following the Battle of Evesham. This John St. John held Instow, Devon, by way of his wife for the Honour of Gloucester.

His widow Isabel later married the King of the Romans & Earl of Cornwall, Richard Plantagenet, of the House of Plantagenet.




  1. ^ "Clare, Gilbert de (d.1230)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.


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Peerage of England
Preceded by Earl of Hertford
Succeeded by
New creation Earl of Gloucester