Gilbert, Count of Montpensier

Gilbert (1443 – 15 October 1496, Pozzuoli), Count of Montpensier, was a member of the House of Bourbon. He was the son of Louis I, Count of Montpensier and Gabrielle La Tour, Count of Montpensier and Dauphin d'Auvergne.[1] He was appointed to the Order of Saint Michael by King Charles VIII of France in October 1483.[2]

Gilbert
Count of Montpensier
Gilbert de Bourbon-Montpensier - Vizekönig von Neapel.jpg
Born1443
Died(1496-10-15)15 October 1496
Pozzuoli
Noble familyBourbon-Montpensier
Spouse(s)
(m. 1482)
FatherLouis de Bourbon
MotherGabrielle La Tour

LifeEdit

Gilbert was the first person, after a number of divisions of Auvergne in the Middle Ages, to carry the bloodlines of the respective dynasties of each of the three main divisions of Auvergne, the countship, the dukedom and the dauphinate.

His paternal grandmother Marie of Berry, Duchess of Bourbon, was heiress to the duchy of Auvergne. The creation for the Berry and Bourbon branches was made of lands that were confiscated from the count of Auvergne by Philip II of France. His paternal great-grandmother Anne of Auvergne was daughter of the Dauphin of Auvergne and after the extinction of her brother's line, in her issue the heiress thereof. Though Gilbert was by no means the primogenitural heir to any of them, as head of the cadet branch of his family, he received Montpensier and the dauphinate as appanages inside the extended family.[citation needed]

Marriage and issueEdit

 
The coat of arms of Gilbert, Count of Montpensier.

On 24 February 1482 Gilbert married Clara Gonzaga (1 July 1464 – 2 June 1503),[1] daughter of Federico I of Gonzaga of Mantua; they had the following issue:

Gilbert was made the Viceroy of Naples in 1495 after king Charles VIII of France occupied the city.[4] In July 1496, Montpensier he was captured at Atella with the remaining French forces,[5] he and his men were held in a malarial marshland near Pozzuoli, where he later died.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1911, p. table 25.
  2. ^ Boulton 2000, p. 444.
  3. ^ Bogdan 2013, p. 109.
  4. ^ Mallett & Shaw 2012, p. 28-29.
  5. ^ Nicolle 2004, p. 81.
  6. ^ Mallett & Shaw 2012, p. 34.

SourcesEdit

  • Bogdan, Henry (2013). La Lorraine des ducs (in French). Tempus.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Boulton, D'Arcy Jonathan Dacre (2000). The Knights of the Crown. The Boydell Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Mallett, Michael; Shaw, Christine (2012). The Italian Wars 1494-1559. Pearson Education Limited.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Nicolle, David (2004). Fornovo 1495: France's Bloody Fighting Retreat. Osprey.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ward, A.W.; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1911). The Cambridge Modern History. Vol. XIII. Cambridge at the University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Gilbert, Count of Montpensier
Born: 1443 Died: 15 October 1496
Preceded by
Louis I
Count of Clermont-en-Auvergne and Montpensier
Dauphin d'Auvergne

1486–1496
Succeeded by
Louis II