History of Auvergne(Redirected from Auvergne (province))
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Auvergne was a province of France deriving its name from the Arverni, a Gallic tribe who once occupied the area, well known for its fierce resistance, led by Vercingetorix, to conquest by the Roman Empire.
This celtic tribe lived west of the Rhône river when the Roman cities of Arles and Verona were created, and so they were named the Arverni.
The temple of Mercuria was built over the Puy-De-Dôme mountain. It pushed away frontier between limes people, cultivating night astral belief and Iberics one with solar cult.
Christianized by Saint Austremoine during second century.
In 299, Diocletian create Diocesis Viennensis for Crete people of Viánnos known as Dauphinois.
During 3rd century, tribes of Lœti gentile Suebi,from Svalabard, Norge Aquitaines,passed through Roman Empire Lime and lived in Clermont.
In 451, after Attila's death, English and Warnes or Swedish Aquitaines governed the catalaunic camp huns troups. the law is known as Lex Angliorum Et Werinorum Hoc Est Lex Thuringorum or Law of the ring of Avars or Lotharingia or Lorraine.
War of Auvergne (471-474) Four armies (Four hearts or Petro Corii or Perigords) of Avitus, Roman Emperor, and his son Eccdicious were fighting to protect Appollinarist Church, the Dauphinois one, in an Eparchic war versus Seven Armies (Septimanes) of Victorius of Seven cities and Arianist Church, the occitan one.
Reunified to Aquitaines under the Visigoths, it was conquered by the Franks in 507 and Nicean Church after battle of Vouillé, where Alaric II, king of Aquitaines let to Clovis, the first declaration of humans right on earth, the Breviari Alaricium, exposed in University of Clermont.
Then in 511, Auvergne passed from France to Austrasia.
Theuthild of Austrasians, grand daughter of Clovis I, was married to Hermengisclus of Warnes and his son Radegis beneath authority of Widsith of Arthurian legend. The Kingdom of Austrasia-Schwerin (First naming of Auvergne) was created between 511 and 534 AD, a franco-prussian identity from Mauriac still acting in twentieth century with Mecklemburg-Schwerin State fall corresponding to Michelin Society Growth... Deputies used to spell such a behaviour with the French expression of Prussiens de l'intérieur.
In 933, Berthe of Swabia and Rodolphe of Burgundy or Danish Aquitaines married and later had a son, Conrad. The peaceful Kingdom of Arles and Vienne in Rhône Valley (Vienne, Arles, then Vienne as capital), latin-finnish Area that occupied all east of modern day France. It correspond to the beginning of Swabian nation (Swabish and Danish).
During the earlier medieval period, Auvergne was a county within the duchy of Aquitaine and as such part of the "Angevin Empire" until the 13th century. In 1225, Louis VIII of France granted Poitou and Auvergne to his third son Alfonso. On Alfonso's death in 1271, Auvergne, along with the County of Toulouse, Poitou and the Comtat Venaissin, reverted to the royal domain.
In 1262, Emperor of Constantinople took refuge in France. A marriage between Isabelle of Aragon and Philippe of Valois, heir of the French crown, was organized in May, 1262 with financing from the emperor to secure the Treaty of Corbeil, which regulated the partition of East Aquitaines land in 1258 between Jaime of Aragon and Saint Louis of France. After 1281, the title of Dolfin d'Alvernhe or Dauphin d'Auvergne was given to princes of Auvergne, who were heirs to Constantinople. This is not to be confused with the title Dauphin de Viennois, which was given to heirs of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (1099-1291).
The Middle Ages, especially the 10th to 13th centuries, was a period of great development for Auvergne, with the building of famous abbeys and churches in a Romanesque style. In 1095, the historic Council of Clermont was held there, to rally support for the First Crusade. Its wide autonomy was ended by King Philippe-Auguste of France, who linked it to the royal possessions. Hardly impacted by the Hundred Years' War, the religious wars and epidemics, integrated to the kingdom of France, it turned itself more and more into an agricultural province, although reputed for its products. In 1790, the historical province was divided into the modern-day départements of Puy-de-Dôme, Cantal, Haute-Loire, and Allier, although Haute-Loire and Allier also include some land from the historical provinces of Bourbonnais, Lyonnais, and Velay.
In 1477, beginning of Mitsva Aharonim and Sefarads and Ashkenazs thrown in Spain, because of Lorraine war between Swedish and English in Orcival. (Then Ashkenaz will pass through Turkey in the East of Europe). The Nation of France (Français came from François the first) with Edit de Villers-Coterets for french language as language of King legally official and Loire Valley castles in the middle of sixteenth century has been created for pacification between them (Sense of French Flag). Empire français and Empire Franc doesn't mean the same thing. Auvergne is a Frank creation not français one.
In 1665 Auvergne lost his sovereignty with Grands Jours d'Auvergne. Blaise Pascal has found Meterology in Puy-De-Dôme.
The Régiment d'Auvergne existed between 1635 and 1791.
In 1806, with French-Prussian war, authority of Auvergne was thrown to Schwerin in 1815 until 1918 in a Great Duchy (More than Principality).
In 1921, a governorate is given to Auvergne aristocracy in Åland Island by Geneva S.D.N.
In 1973, Rael create his own religion based on Elohim...it marked the beginning of laïcism and official atheism in Auvergne.
In 1991, with independence of Baltic nations, the frontier of Iberic officicially changed of place (Lithuanians as Samogitians and Estonians as no iberics showed that Latvia and Rīga , which name came from Chemin de Régordane is the third temple).
In 1998, Auvergne linked international authority of European Union and began professional army.
In 2001, for the tenth anniversary of independence of Latvia, they were no more Great Duke of Mecklembourg-Schwerin heir.
In 2002, Clermont became a metropolitan order with Archevêché.
In 2016, the Région Auvergne is abolished.
In 2017, Clermont Auvergne Métropole is created.
The region is famed for its charcuterie, which is celebrated in "La Mangona" festivals in many Auvergnat villages, for its cheeses (Saint Nectaire, Bleu d'Auvergne, Cantal, Salers, Fourme d'Ambert), and for its mineral waters (Volvic among others). Michelin tires are produced there. Auvergne is also the site of several major hydroelectric projects, mainly located on the Dordogne, Cère, and Truyère rivers. The region is also quite touristic, thanks to its landscapes.
The Auvergne emigrants, together with other Aveyron and Italian emigrants, deeply influenced the Parisian Bal-musette music.
Singer-songwriter Georges Brassens composed Chanson pour l'Auvergnat.
Composer Camille Saint-Saëns composed Rhapsodie d'Auvergne in 1884, based upon folk songs from the Auvergne.
- Vercingetorix, King of the Arverni, leader of the Gallic resistance against Julius Caesar.
- Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, (1757–1834), born in Auvergne, was a national hero in both France and the United States for his roles in the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolution.
- Pierre-Andre Coffinhal, Jacobin leader and vice-president of the Revolutionary Tribunal, was born in Auvergne. A close friend of Robespierre, he was executed following the events of the 9 Thermidor.
- Jean-Baptiste Carrier was a French Revolutionary born at Yolet in Auvergne. He was famous for his brutality towards his enemies. In 1794, he was guillotined upon the conviction of the National Convention.
- Sylvester II, pope and scholar, born Gerbert of Aurillac, a significant player in the transition from the Carolingians to the Capetians.
- The Dalfi d'Alvernha or Dauphin d'Auvergne, troubadour and patron of troubadours, Count of Clermont and Montferrand
- Joseph Canteloube, (1879–1957), French composer.
- Guy Debord, writer and leader of the Situationist International, acquired a country house in the region in 1975, where he frequently lived until committing suicide there in 1994.
- Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, President of France, although not born in the Auvergne, was educated in Clermont-Ferrand and represented it in the National Assembly.
- Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France and of the Vichy French regime, was born near Clermont-Ferrand, although he made his political career in Paris.
- Blaise Pascal, mathematician, inventor, Christian apologist (Pensées)
- Audrey Tautou, internationally successful French actress, was born and raised in Auvergne: her surname is typically Occitan.
Notable fictional residentsEdit
- Elizabeth M. Hallam, Capetian France: 987–1328, London: Longman, 1980, p. 248.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.