Gil Troy (born 1961) is an American presidential historian and a popular commentator on politics and other issues. He is Professor of History at McGill University and a 2015 visiting scholar at the Brookings Institution. Troy is the author of nine books, and the editor of two. His articles have appeared in The New York Times, The New Republic and other major media outlets. He writes a column for The Daily Beast on Forgotten history, putting current events in historical perspective and is a columnist for The Jerusalem Post.
Troy was born in Queens, New York. He is the brother of Dan Troy and Tevi David Troy. He attended Jamaica High School, and received his bachelor's degree, master's degree, and doctorate from Harvard University.
Troy taught history and literature at Harvard University from 1988 to 1990. He has taught history at McGill University since 1990. Troy has authored seven books on the American presidency and the history of presidential campaigning, including biographies of Ronald Reagan and Hillary Clinton, and edited two others, including a revised edition of a comprehensive reference guide to American presidential elections previously edited by noted historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.. He has written numerous articles on the presidency and presidential elections that have appeared in The New York Times, The Wilson Quarterly, and other newspapers, magazines and journals. He has served as Visiting Scholar at the Bipartisan Policy Center and on the Advisory Board of the History News Network. The History News Network designated him one of the first "top young historians," and Maclean's Magazine has repeatedly identified him as one of McGill's "popular Profs."
Troy is a prominent activist in the debate over Zionism and the future of Israel. He has been a Shalom Hartman Center Research Fellow and helped found the center's Engaging Israel Program. His articles on the subject have appeared in The New Republic and elsewhere, and he has written two books, Why I am a Zionist and Moynihan's Moment: America's Fight Against Zionism as Racism, which David G. Dalin, writing in the National Review, called "beautifully written, and rich in its insight and analysis ... the definitive account of this episode and of why its legacy is an enduring one." Jewish Ideas Daily designated Moynihan's Moment one of its "best books" of 2012, it was the winner of a 2014 J.I. Segal Award in the category of English Non-Fiction Award on a Jewish Theme, and his article "Democracy, Judaism, and War" won a 2014 Simon Rockower Award for Excellence in Single Commentary.
- The Age of Clinton: America in the 1990s. St. Martin's Press, 2015. ISBN 978-1-25-006372-4
- Moynihan's Moment: America's Fight Against Zionism as Racism. Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-19-992030-3
- History of American Presidential Elections 1789–2008. (4th edition, Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., Gil Troy & Fred L. Israel, editors). Facts on File, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8160-8220-9
- Living in the Eighties. (Gil Troy & Vincent J. Cannato, editors). Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-19-518787-8
- The Reagan Revolution: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-19-531710-7
- Hillary Rodham Clinton: Polarizing First Lady. University Press of Kansas, 2008. ISBN 978-0-7006-1585-8
- Leading from the Center: Why Moderates Make the Best Presidents. Basic Books, 2008. ISBN 0-465-00293-5 (In paperback: Why Moderates Make the Best Presidents: From George Washington to Barack Obama. University Press of Kansas, 2012. ISBN 978-0-7006-1883-5)
- Morning in America: How Ronald Reagan Invented the 1980s. Princeton University Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-691-13060-6
- Why I Am a Zionist: Israel, Jewish Identity and the Challenges of Today. Bronfman Jewish Education Center, 2002. ISBN 978-1-55234-647-1
- Affairs of State: The Rise and Rejection of the Presidential Couple Since World War II. Free Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0-684-82820-6. (In paperback: Mr. & Mrs. President: From the Trumans to the Clintons. University Press of Kansas, 2000. ISBN 978-0-7006-1034-1)
- See How They Ran: The Changing Role of the Presidential Candidate. (Revised and expanded edition.) Harvard University Press, 1996. ISBN 978-0-674-79680-5
- "Campaign Stops" columns in The New York Times 
- "Center Field" columns in The Jerusalem Post 
- "Open Zion" blogs on The Daily Beast 
- "The Campaign Triumphant," "Bury the Hatchet" and "Money and Politics: The Oldest Connection" in The Wilson Quarterly 
- "No, Israel Isn't Turning into an Iran-Style Theocracy" in The New Republic 
- Troy, Gil. "Gil Troy". DailyBeast.com. The Daily Beast. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- Zeveloff, Julie. "GSK Snags Former FDA General Counsel Dan Troy". Law360.com. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Hudson Institute". hudson.org. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- HNN, Editor. "Hillary Rodham Clinton: Polarizing First Lady by Gil Troy". Historynewsnetwork.org. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- David G. Dalin (11 February 2013). "A Man Standing". The National Review. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- "The 34th Annual Simon Rockower Award Winners". www.ajpa.org. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- The Press Reader: "Billionaire Marcel Adams Cultivates Israeli Brainpower" May 2, 2010