Gil Blas (periodical)
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|Type||daily literary newspaper|
|Founded||19 November 1879|
Gil Blas serialized famous novels such as Émile Zola's Germinal (1884) and L'Œuvre (1885) before they appeared in book form. Guy de Maupassant regularly published short stories in Gil Blas. The journal was also known for its opinionated arts and theatre criticism. Contributors included René Blum, Alexandru Bogdan-Pitești, and Abel Hermant. Théophile Steinlen and Albert Guillaume provided illustrations.
In addition to Germinal, Gil Blas serialized the Zola novels L'Argent, Au Bonheur des Dames, and La Joie de vivre. Guy de Maupassant stories which debuted in Gil Blas include "À vendre," "Imprudence," "L'Inconnue," "La Bête à Maît' Belhomme," "La Confidence," "La Baptême," "Tribunaux Rustiques" and perhaps most famously "Le Horla".
Gil Blas critic Louis Vauxcelles's phrase "Donatello chez les fauves" ("Donatello among the wild beasts") brought notoriety and attention to the works of Henri Matisse and Les Fauves exhibited at the Salon d'Automne of 1905. Vauxcelles' comment was printed on 17 October 1905 and passed into popular usage.
Some well-known authors who were published in Gil Blas include:
- Paul Arène
- Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly
- Émile Bergerat
- Léon Bloy
- Paul Bourget
- Robert Caze
- Léon Cladel
- Claude Debussy
- Charles Desteuque
- Clovis Hugues
- Maurice Lefebvre-Lourdet
- Camille Lemonnier
- René Maizeroy
- Hector Malot
- Guy de Maupassant
- Catulle Mendès
- Georges Ohnet
- Richard O'Monroy
- Jean Richepin
- Henri Rochefort
- Paul Armand Silvestre
- Jules Vallès
- Pierre Veber
- Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam
- Émile Zola
In 1887, after seeing a dress-reheasal of Victorien Sardou's La Tosca at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Paris (with Sarah Bernhardt in the title role), Gil Blas published a complete description of the plot on the morning of opening night. Following the premiere, Sardou brought a successful suit for damages against Gil Blas.
- "Gil Blas," Bibliothèque nationale de France. Accessed Jan. 20, 2015.
- Cernat, Avangarda, p.42.
- Vauxcelles, Louis (17 October 1905). "Le Salon d'Automne" [The Fall Salon]. Gil Blas (in French). Paris: Augustin-Alexandre Dumont (9500): Supplement, 6. ISSN 1149-9397. Archived from the original on 2015-12-29. Retrieved 2015-12-28.
La candeur de ces bustes surprend, au milieu de l'orgie des tons purs : Donatello chez les fauves
- Chilver, Ian (Ed.). "Fauvism", The Oxford Dictionary of Art, Oxford University Press, 2004. December 26, 2007.
- Hart (1913) p. 121; Les Archives théâtrales (December 1887) p. 346
- Digitized issues of Gil Blas from 1879 to 1940[permanent dead link] in Gallica, the digital library of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, (BnF)
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