Gibbethon or Gibbeton was a city in the land of Canaan which, according to the record in the Hebrew Bible, was occupied by the Tribe of Dan after the entry of the Israelites into the Promised Land. According to the Book of Joshua, it was given as a Levitical city to the Kohathites.[1]

However, in 1 Kings 15:27 it was recorded as being a city of the Philistines. Nadab, the second king of the northern Kingdom of Israel, besieged Gibbethon. During the siege, Baasha the son of Ahijah, a member of the tribe of Issachar, killed King Nadab of Israel and made himself King, reigning over the northern kingdom for 24 years.[2] Gibbethon has been identified with al-Majdal, near Ashkelon, and so possibly on the border of Danite Israel and Philistia.[3] John James Blunt, in his Undesigned Coincidences in the Writings both of the Old and New Testaments (1882) suggested that "the place had been deserted by the Levites, in the general exodus to Judah, [so] that the Philistines availed themselves of the opportunity to seize and fortify it".[4] Israeli archaeologist Benjamin Mazar locates it in a region to the north of the Sorek Valley,[5] possibly at Tel Malot[6]


  1. ^ Joshua 19:44 ;Joshua 21:23; Gibbethon is not mentioned in the parallel list of Levitical cities in the first Book of Chronicles: 1 Chronicles 6:54–81
  2. ^ 1 Kings 15:27–31
  3. ^ Pulpit Commentary, 1 Kings 15 accessed 21 September 2015
  4. ^ Blunt, J. J., Undesigned Coincidences in the Writings both of the Old and New Testaments, quoted in Pulpit Commentary, 1 Kings 15, accessed 21 September 2015
  5. ^ Mazar, B., The Cities of the Territory of Dan, Israel Exploration Journal, Vol. 10, No. 2 (1960), pp. 65-77
  6. ^ Spivak, Polina: “Tel Malot: Final Report.” Hadashot Arkheologiyot: Excavations and Surveys in Israel, vol. 129, 2017, p.1-11