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Women performing ghoomar at wedding

Ghoomar is a traditional folk dance of Rajasthan, India. The dance is chiefly performed by veiled women who wear flowing dresses called ghaghara.[1] It was ranked 4th in the list of "Top 10 local dances around the world" in 2013.[2][3] The dance typically involves performers pirouetting while moving in and out of a wide circle. The word ghoomna describes the twirling movement of the dancers and is the basis of the word ghoomar.[4][5] According to the tradtional rituals, newly married bride is expected to dance ghoomar on being welcomed to her new marital home.[6] Ghoomar is often performed on special occasions, such as at weddings, festivals and religious occasions.[7] which sometimes lasts for hours.

'Gangaur Ghoomar Dance Academy' was established by Maharani Rajmata Goverdhan Kumari of Santrampur in 1986, to preserve and promote Ghoomar folk dance.[8][9] The Government of India awarded her the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2007, for her contributions to arts.[10]

Ghoomar songsEdit

A Rajput woman performing Ghoomar.

As a traditional dance, Ghoomar often includes traditional songs such as "Gorband", "Podina", "Rumal" and "Mor Bole Re". Songs might be centered on royal legends or their[who?] traditions.

  • "Chirmi Mhari Chirmali"
  • "Aave Hichki" - Traditional Rajasthani Ghoomar song
  • "Ghoomar"
  • "Jawai Ji Pawna" - Rajasthani folk song
  • "Taara Ri Chundadi"
  • "Mharo Gorband Nakhralo"
  • "Naina Ra Lobhi"


  1. ^ Ghoomar - Famous Social Folk Dance of Rajasthan
  2. ^ "Ghoomar in top 10 list of world's most amazing local dances". Business Standard. 23 July 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  3. ^ "Top 10 local dances around the world". Hindustan Times. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "Ghoomar Dance, Rajasthan". Archived from the original on 2012-05-18. 
  5. ^ "Ghoomar Dance - Rajasthan". Retrieved 11 August 2016. 
  6. ^ Indian States At A Glance 2008-09: Performance, Facts And Figures - Rajasthan - Bhandari Laveesh (2008-09)
  7. ^ "Ghoomar in India". Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  8. ^ "Image Details". India Today. June 6, 2007. Retrieved August 25, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Rajmata Goverdhan Kumari". Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2016. 

External linksEdit