Gerard Smith (governor)
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Lieutenant Colonel Sir Gerard Smith, (28 October 1839 – 12 December 1920), a member of the Smith and Carington family, was a business leader, politician, and Governor of Western Australia from 1895 to 1900.
Sir Gerard Smith
|12th Governor of Western Australia|
23 December 1895 – 30 April 1901
|Preceded by||Sir William Robinson|
|Succeeded by||Sir Arthur Lawley|
|Member of Parliament for Wycombe|
|Preceded by||Sir William Carington|
|Succeeded by||Viscount Curzon|
|Born||28 October 1839|
|Died||12 December 1920 (aged 81)|
|Spouse(s)||Isabella Chatelaine Hamilton|
|Relations||Martin Tucker Smith (paternal grandfather)|
Matthew White Ridley, 1st Viscount Ridley (maternal grandfather)
|Parents||Martin Tucker Smith|
Louisa (Ridley) Smith
|Years of service||1857–1874|
|Unit||Royal Scots Fusiliers|
Gerard Smith was born on 12 December 1839 in Pimlico, London. He was the third son of Martin Tucker Smith (1803–1880), politician, banker and director of the East India Co., and Louisa (Ridley) Smith. His paternal grandfather was John Smith (1767–1842), a banker and Tory Member of Parliament, and his maternal grandfather was Matthew White Ridley, a baronet.
Smith joined the Royal Scots Fusiliers as an ensign in 1857 and briefly saw service in Canada, retiring from the army in 1874. He joined the family bank, Samuel Smith, Bros. & Co., and went on to become a business leader in Kingston-upon-Hull, being instrumental in the formation of the Hull and Barnsley Railway in 1880. He succeeded his second cousin William Carington as a Liberal MP for Wycombe from 1883 to 1885, and was a Groom in Waiting to Queen Victoria in the same period.
Smith was a Freemason, being initiated into Studholme Lodge No. 1591 on 4 May 1880 at the age of 41. He was subsequently passed to the Second Degree and raised to the Third Degree within two months, and on 17 January 1890, became Worshipful Master of the Lodge. As was usual, when he was appointed Governor of Western Australia he was also appointed Past Junior Grand Warden of United Grand Lodge of England.
In 1898 he was appointed District Grand Master of the District Grand Lodge of Western Australia. He was a supporter of the Grand Lodge movement then active in the colony, allowing his lodges to discuss the question. When the Grand Lodge of Western Australia was consecrated on 27 February 1900, he was elected as its first Grand Master.
However, as his term as Governor was rapidly drawing to a close, he remained Grand Master for only one year.
Smith died in London on 28 October 1920. His wife predeceased him in 1915.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 344–345. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
- Crowley, Francis Keble (1988). "Smith, Sir Gerard (1839–1920)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 11. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- "Details for United Studholme Alliance Lodge No. 1591", Lane's Masonic Records, retrieved 11 June 2018
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 April 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Gerard Smith
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir William Carington
| Member of Parliament for Wycombe
Sir William Robinson
| Governor of Western Australia
Sir Arthur Lawley
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