Georges Monnet

Not to be confused with the French wartime foreign minister Georges Bonnet

Georges Monnet
Georges monnet.jpg
Monnet in the early 1930s
Minister of Agriculture
In office
Preceded byPaul Thellier
Succeeded byHenri Queuille
Minister of Blockade
In office
Personal details
Born12 August 1898
Aurillac, France
Died9 December 1980(1980-12-09) (aged 82)
Val-de-Marne, France
Political partySocialist
Military service
AllegianceFlag of France.svg France
Branch/serviceFrench Army
Years of service1917–1918

Georges Monnet (12 August 1898, Aurillac, Cantal – 9 December 1980) was a prominent socialist politician in 1930s France and a member of Paul Reynaud's war cabinet as Minister of Blockade. Preceding that, he was Minister of Agriculture in Léon Blum's government. He was decorated for his service in the First World War, receiving the Croix de guerre.

Inter warEdit

After fighting in the First World War, Monnet became head of a large farm in Picardy before moving on to politics and joining the Socialist Party in 1928. Monnet was elected as a member of the French Chamber of Deputies in 1932 and again in 1936.

In 1933, he joined the administrative board and became the permanent expert of the SFIO for agricultural issues. He modernized the socialist doctrine by focusing it towards the goal of practical and immediate reforms to help small and medium-scale farms.

As Minister of Agriculture in the first Léon Blum government, he used his land policy to defend small farmers through the control of agricultural prices.[1]

Second World WarEdit

He opposed the Munich Agreement in 1938 and ran a newspaper about Action for peace and socialism, which proposed a firm line against Hitler, although it was largely ignored by other prominent pro-appeasement socialists, such as Georges Bonnet. In Paul Reynaud's cabinet, he became Minister of Blockade. Monnet indicated his disapproval of the French armistice after the fall of France in 1940; however, on 10 July 1940, during the vote to give Marshal Philippe Pétain full powers held at Vichy, he did not vote against it but abstained. During the Occupation, he refused to compromise with Vichy but also to actively engage in the Resistance.[2]

Three French cabinet ministers, Édouard Daladier, Georges Monnet and Paul Reynaud c.1940

Post warEdit

After the war, Monnet went to Africa to continue to play a political role. He became Counselor of the French Union from 1947 to 1958. He was Minister of Agriculture under Félix Houphouët-Boigny from 1959 to 1961 and personal adviser to the President (Félix Houphouët-Boigny) of Ivory Coast shortly after its independence from France, serving from 1961 to 1964.[3] A few years later, he returned to France and became president of the National Agricultural Exhibition and Competition (CENECA).



  1. ^ International Affairs, Volume 16 ,1937, page 337
  2. ^ The Resistance versus Vichy: the purge of collaborators in liberated France, 1968
  3. ^ The Caribbean, Volume 13, Issue 1 - Volume 14, Issue 4