George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu
The Duke of Montagu
The Duke of Montagu.
|Master of the Horse|
|Preceded by||The Duke of Northumberland|
|Succeeded by||Marquess of Graham|
|Born||26 July 1712|
Cardigan House, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, England
|Died||23 May 1790 (aged 77)|
Privy Gardens, Whitehall, London
Lady Mary Montagu (m. 1730)
|Children||John Montagu, Marquess of Monthermer|
Elizabeth Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch
|Parents||George Brudenell, 3rd Earl of Cardigan|
Lady Elizabeth Bruce
|Alma mater||Queen's College, Oxford|
Background and educationEdit
He was born George Brudenell at Cardigan House, Lincoln's Inn Fields, in London, the eldest son of George Brudenell, 3rd Earl of Cardigan and his wife Lady Elizabeth Bruce, daughter of Thomas Bruce, 3rd Earl of Elgin. He was baptised on 1 August 1712 at St Giles-in-the-Fields. He was the elder brother of James Brudenell, 5th Earl of Cardigan, the Honourable Robert Brudenell and Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury. He matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford, on 1 July 1726 and graduated from there on 31 January 1729 with a Master of Arts degree.
Brudenell succeeded his father in the earldom 1732. In 1742 he was appointed Justice in Eyre north of the Trent, a post he held until 1752. He inherited the estates of his father-in-law, the 2nd and last Duke of Montagu (see below), in 1749, and assumed the surname "Montagu" for himself and his children on 15 July 1749. In 1752 he was made a Knight of the Garter and made Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle, which he remained until his death. In 1766 he was created Marquess of Monthermer and Duke of Montagu, revivals of the titles which had become extinct on his father-in-law's death.
His only son, John Montagu, Marquess of Monthermer, had been created a peer in his own right in 1762 as Baron Montagu of Boughton, but died unmarried in 1770, and, with no male heirs, Montagu was created Baron Montagu of Boughton, of Boughton in the County of Northampton, in 1776, with a special remainder to the younger sons of his daughter Elizabeth, who had married Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch. He was sworn of the Privy Council the same year. He later served as Master of the Horse from 1780 to 1790 and as Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire from 1789 to 1790.
- John Montagu, Marquess of Monthermer and 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton (18 March 1735–11 April 1770)
- Lady Elizabeth Montagu (29 May 1743– 21 November 1827), who married Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch and had issue.
The Duchess of Montagu died in May 1775. The Duke of Montagu died at Privy Gardens, Whitehall, London, in May 1790, aged 77, without surviving male issue. The marquessate and dukedom became extinct, the earldom of Cardigan and its associated titles passed to his brother, Lord Brudenell, and the barony of Montagu passed to his grandson, Lord Henry Scott (who assumed the surname "Montagu-Scott", and on whose death the barony became extinct).
- G. E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 14.
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
- Record for George Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu at www.thepeerage.com
The Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven
| Justice in Eyre
north of the Trent
The Duke of Somerset
The Duke of Northumberland
| Master of the Horse
Marquess of Graham
The Duke of St Albans
| Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle
The Earl of Cardigan
The Duke of Manchester
| Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire
Marquess of Graham
|Peerage of England|
| Earl of Cardigan
|Peerage of Great Britain|
|New title|| Duke of Montagu
| Baron Montagu of Boughton