George Maney (August 24, 1826 – February 9, 1901) was an American soldier, politician, railroad executive and diplomat. He was a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War and a postbellum U.S. ambassador to Colombia, Bolivia, Uruguay, and Paraguay.
Maney in uniform, ca. 1862
|Born||August 24, 1826|
Franklin, Tennessee, U.S.
|Died||February 9, 1901 (aged 74)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Allegiance|| United States|
|Service/||United States Volunteers|
Confederate States Army
|Years of service||1846–1848 (USA)|
|Rank|| First Lieutenant (USA)|
Brigadier General (CSA)
|Unit||3rd U.S. Dragoons|
|Commands held||1st Tennessee Infantry|
American Civil War
|Other work||Railroad executive, political adviser, U.S. Minister to Colombia, U.S. Minister Resident/Consul General to Bolivia, U.S. Ambassador to Uruguay and Paraguay.|
Early life and educationEdit
George Earl Maney was born in Franklin, Tennessee, to Judge Thomas Maney and his wife. His father was a prominent newspaper editor and circuit judge. Young Maney attended the Nashville Seminary before graduating from the University of Nashville in 1845 at the age of 19.
Maney served as a Second Lieutenant in the 1st Tennessee Volunteer Regiment during the Mexican-American War (1846–1848). When his three-months term of enlistment expired, he enrolled in the United States Army and served as a First Lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Dragoons, which participated in General Winfield Scott's march to Mexico City.
When hostilities ceased, Maney returned home. He studied law, passed his bar exam in 1850, and established a law practice in Franklin. It became quite successful. Maney subsequently entered politics and was elected to the Tennessee State Legislature.
American Civil WarEdit
Following the secession of Tennessee and the beginning of the American Civil War, Maney joined the Rock City Guards, a Nashville militia. He subsequently enlisted in the Confederate States Army as a Captain in the 11th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry. On May 6, 1861, he was promoted to colonel of the 1st Tennessee. He served in western Virginia, first under Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Cheat Mountain and later under Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson at Bath and Romney.
Maney asked for a reassignment to his native Tennessee, which was threatened by Union forces. As an officer in the Army of Tennessee, Maney participated in the Battle of Shiloh and was promoted on April 16, 1862, to brigadier general. He led his brigade in the battles of Perryville, Chickamauga, and Murfreesboro. In November 1863, he was wounded severely in his arm during the Chattanooga Campaign. He was on medical leave for much of the rest of the year.
In 1864, Maney commanded a division in William J. Hardee's corps during the Atlanta Campaign. He was captured in August and later released, but he did not return to active field duty because of problems with his wounded arm. Hardee recommended that Maney be promoted to major general, but the request was not fulfilled. Maney surrendered following the Carolinas Campaign and was paroled on May 1, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina.
After the war, Maney returned to his Tennessee home. He became president of the Tennessee and Pacific Railroad in 1868, serving in that executive post for nine years. Unlike many of his former Confederate compatriots, he became an active Republican. He was elected to the state senate. During the carpetbagger era, Maney held considerable influence over the Governor of Tennessee, Dewitt Clinton Senter. Maney helped restore the government to former Confederates once their civil rights were restored.
Maney became active in a number of reconciliation efforts during Reconstruction, working to improve relations between the former enemies. In early 1876, he was a candidate for governor, but withdrew his name from the ballot. In December of that year, his daughter Frances married a former Union officer in the 15th Massachusetts.
During the presidential administrations of James A. Garfield, Chester Arthur, and Benjamin Harrison, Maney was appointed as ambassador to various countries in South America. He was the U.S. minister to Colombia (1881–1882), and then was the Minister Resident/Consul General to Bolivia from November 4, 1882, until June 1, 1883. He returned home and was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions of 1884 and 1888. He spent four years (1890–1894) as the U.S. ambassador to Uruguay and Paraguay.
Maney married Elizabeth T. "Betty" Crutcher of Nashville in 1853; they raised a family of five children.
- Bishop, Randy (2013). Civil War Generals of Tennessee. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Company. p. 124. ISBN 9781455618118. OCLC 824081797.
- S. Warner, pp. 130-135.
- Winborne, pp. 111-12.
- Warner, Seth (Summer 2006). "George Earl Maney: Soldier, Railroader, and Diplomat". Tennessee Historical Quarterly. 65 (2): 130–147. JSTOR 42627947.
- E. Warner, p. 210.
- Welsh, p. 153.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.
- Warner, Seth, "George Earl Maney: Soldier, Railroader, and Diplomat," Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Vol. LXV (2006), 130-147.
- Welsh, Jack D., Medical Histories of Confederate Generals. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University, 1995. ISBN 0-87338-649-3.
- Winborne, Benjamin Brodie, The Colonial and State Political History of Hereford County, N.C., Murfreesboro, North Carolina: Edwards & Broughton, 1906.
- Hewitt, Lawrence L. (edited by William C. Davis), "George Earl Maney," The Confederate General, Vol. 4. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: 1991.
- Sanders, Stuart W., "Maney's Confederate Brigage at the Battle of Perryville", The History Press, Charleston, SC, 2014
- Photo gallery of Maney at the Wayback Machine (archived February 8, 2008)
- American National Biography[permanent dead link]
- "George Maney". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2009-03-03.
| United States Minister Resident, Colombia
September 21, 1881 – July 19, 1882
William L. Scruggs
| United States Minister Resident, Bolivia
November 4, 1882 – June 1, 1883
Richard Gibbs (diplomat)
John E. Bacon
| United States Minister Resident, Paraguay
May 19, 1890 – June 30, 1894