Open main menu

George Fuller (Australian politician)

Sir George Warburton Fuller KCMG (22 January 1861 – 22 July 1940) was an Australian politician who served as the 22nd Premier of New South Wales, in office from 1922 to 1925 and for one day in December 1921. He previously served in the federal House of Representatives from 1901 to 1913, representing the Division of Illawarra, and was Minister for Home Affairs under Alfred Deakin from 1909 to 1910.


Sir George Fuller

George fuller.jpg
22nd Premier of New South Wales
Elections: 1922, 1925
In office
13 April 1922 – 17 June 1925
GovernorWalter Edward Davidson
Dudley de Chair
Preceded byJames Dooley
Succeeded byJack Lang
In office
20 December 1921 – 20 December 1921
GovernorWalter Edward Davidson
Preceded byJames Dooley
Succeeded byJames Dooley
Federal Minister for Home Affairs
In office
2 June 1909 – 29 April 1910
Prime MinisterAlfred Deakin
Preceded byHugh Mahon
Succeeded byKing O'Malley
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Illawarra
In office
30 March 1901 – 31 May 1913
Preceded byNew seat
Succeeded byGeorge Burns
Member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
In office
16 September 1915 – 7 February 1928
Preceded byFrank Badgery
Succeeded byMark Morton
ConstituencyWollondilly
In office
9 February 1889 – 25 June 1894
Preceded byFrank Badgery
Succeeded byMark Morton
ConstituencyKiama
Personal details
Born(1861-01-22)22 January 1861
Kiama, New South Wales, Australia
Died22 July 1940(1940-07-22) (aged 79)
Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia
Political partyAnti-Socialist (1901–1909)
Commonwealth Liberal (1909–1913)
Liberal Reform (1915–1917)
Nationalist (from 1917)
Spouse(s)
Ada Louisa King (m. 1892)
EducationSydney Grammar School
University of Sydney
ProfessionLawyer

Early lifeEdit

Fuller was born in Kiama, New South Wales and was educated at Kiama Public School, Sydney Grammar School and at St Andrew's College at the University of Sydney. He received a Bachelor of Arts (Hons) in 1879, and a Master of Arts in 1882 from the University of Sydney. He studied law under Sir William Patrick Manning (eminent judge and university chancellor) and became a barrister in 1884.[1]

Colonial politicsEdit

Fuller served in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly for over 18 years. Initially he represented Kiama from 1889 to 1894, but was defeated in 1894 and again in 1898.[2]

Federal politicsEdit

 
Fuller c. 1901.

Fuller was the first member for Illawarra in the new Australian House of Representatives between 1901 and 1913. He was Minister for Home Affairs in 1909 and 1910 in Alfred Deakin's Commonwealth Liberal Party government and was responsible for making Canberra the national capital. In 1911 he was an Australian representative at the coronation of George V.[2]

State politicsEdit

From 1915 to 1928 Fuller represented Wollondilly for the Liberal Party and, from 1916, the Nationalist Party. In part of 1916 and 1917 he was leader of New South Wales' Nationalist Party and he became Colonial Secretary (the second most important cabinet position) in 1916. In 1917 his heavy-handed handling of a strike by rail and tramway workers against the introduction of time cards antagonised the unions and led to a general strike. His promise of higher pay and improved seniority benefits to workers returning to work split the rail unions for most of the twentieth century and the different employment conditions lasted until the Lang Government was elected. His action were seen by supporters as the decisive leadership required in wartime. In 1919, he expanded the state-owned fishing trawler fleet "to provide cheap fish for the mass of the population".[2] On 3 June 1919 he was appointed as a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George for his service as Colonial Secretary.[3]

PremierEdit

 
Caricature of Fuller (published 1925)

Labor won the 1920 election and Fuller became Leader of the Opposition. In 1921 he took advantage of the death of John Storey to defeat James Dooley's Government on a motion of no confidence and as a result was asked to form a government. But Fuller himself had to give up the Premiership after only seven hours, after losing another motion of no confidence and Dooley returned to office.[2] In the 1922 state election, Dooley was defeated and Fuller became Premier once again. His government began the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. This time his tenure lasted till the 1925 state election, won by Labor's Jack Lang.

Later yearsEdit

Shortly after Lang's victory, Fuller resigned from the Nationalist leadership in favour of Thomas Bavin. From 1928 to 1931 he was the state's Agent-General in London. He died in the Sydney suburb of Darlinghurst.[2]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Sir George Warburton Fuller (1861–1940)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e Ward, John M. (2006). "Fuller, Sir George Warburton (1861–1940)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
  3. ^ Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, KCMG, 3 June 1919, itsanhonour.gov.au
    Citation: Colonial Secretary of New South Wales
New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
Angus Cameron
Member for Kiama
1889 – 1894
Succeeded by
Alexander Campbell
Parliament of Australia
New division Member for Illawarra
1901 – 1913
Succeeded by
George Burns
Political offices
Preceded by
Hugh Mahon
Minister for Home Affairs
1909 – 1910
Succeeded by
King O'Malley
New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
Frank Badgery
Member for Wollondilly
1915 – 1928
Succeeded by
Mark Morton
Political offices
Preceded by
George Black
Colonial Secretary of New South Wales
1916 – 1920
Succeeded by
James Dooley
Preceded by
David Hall
Vice-President of the Executive Council
1920
Succeeded by
Edward Kavanagh
Preceded by
James Dooley
Premier of New South Wales
1921
Succeeded by
James Dooley
Premier of New South Wales
1922 – 1925
Succeeded by
Jack Lang
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Cocks
Colonial Treasurer of New South Wales
1925
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Viscount Chelmsford
Agent-General for New South Wales
1928 – 1931
Succeeded by
Albert Charles Willis