George Craven, 3rd Earl of Craven

George Grimston Craven, 3rd Earl of Craven (16 March 1841 – 7 December 1883)[1] was a British peer.


The Earl of Craven
Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire
In office
1881–1883
Preceded byThe Earl of Abingdon
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Ailesbury
Personal details
Born
George Grimston Craven

(1841-03-16)16 March 1841
Died7 December 1883(1883-12-07) (aged 42)
Spouse(s)
Lady Evelyn Barrington
(m. 1867; his death 1883)
ChildrenWilliam Craven, 4th Earl of Craven
Parents

Early lifeEdit

Craven was born on 16 March 1841. He was the eldest surviving son born to William Craven, 2nd Earl of Craven and his wife, the former Lady Emily Mary Grimston (1815–1901).[2]

His paternal grandparents were William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (the eldest son of William Craven, 6th Baron Craven, and his wife Lady Elizabeth Berkeley, who married Charles Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach after Baron Craven's death) and his wife, Louisa, Countess of Craven, a former English actress. His maternal grandparents were James Grimston, 1st Earl of Verulam and Lady Charlotte Jenkinson (the daughter of Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool).[2]

CareerEdit

He inherited the earldom on 25 August 1866 following the death of his father. His mother survived her husband, and George, by more than 30 years, living until her death in London on 21 May 1901.[2]

Lord Craven served as Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire between 1881 and 1883.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

On 17 January 1867, Lord Craven married Lady Evelyn Laura Barrington (1848–1924),[3] the second daughter and co-heiress of George Barrington, 7th Viscount Barrington and the former Isabel Elizabeth Morritt (only child of John Morritt of Rokeby Park).[4][5] Together, they were the parents of six children, including:[2]

  • Lady Mary Beatrix Craven (1867–1881), who died unmarried.[2]
  • William Craven, 4th Earl of Craven (1868–1921),[6] who married the American heiress, Cornelia Martin, daughter of banker Bradley Martin,[7] in 1893.[8]
  • The Hon. Rupert Cecil Craven OBE (1870–1959), who married Inez Morton Broom, daughter of George Broom in 1899.[9] They divorced in 1908 and he married Josephine Margueritte (née Reixach y Gisbert) Banbury in 1925. Josephine, the widow of Capt. Charles William Banbury, was a daughter of Don José Reixach y Gisbert.[2]
  • The Hon. Charles Frederick Craven (1873–1873), who died in infancy.[2]
  • The Hon. Charles Eric Craven (1879–1909), who married Amalia Kolowratek in 1901.[2]
  • Lady Helen Emily Craven (1874–1926), who married Lt. Col. Ian Rose Innes Forbes of Rothiemay Castle in 1901.[2]

Lord Craven died on 7 December 1883. He was succeeded by his eldest son, who was only fourteen years old.[2]

DescendantsEdit

Through his eldest son, he was a grandfather of William Craven, 5th Earl of Craven.[10][11]

Through his second son, an electrical engineer who eventually cut timber in Uganda before a 1912 bankruptcy,[9] he was a grandfather of Lt. Commander Rupert José Evelyn Craven RN (b. 1926), the current heir presumptive to the Earldom of Craven.[2]

Coat of armsEdit

Coat of arms of George Craven, 3rd Earl of Craven
 
Coronet
A Coronet of an Earl
Crest
On a Chapeau Gules turned up Ermine a Griffin statant wings elevated Ermine beaked and foremembered Or
Escutcheon
Argent a Fess between six Cross Crosslets fitchée Gules
Supporters
On either side a Griffin wings elevated Ermine beaked and foremembered Or
Motto
Virtus In Actione Consistit (Virtue consists in action)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Craven, Earl of (UK, 1801)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  3. ^ "OLD CASTLE TO HAVE AN AMERICAN MISTRESS Mrs. Lowell Lloyd, Future Countess of Berkeley, Will Preside at One of England's Historic Buildings -Romance in Earl's Family History" (PDF). The New York Times. November 23, 1924. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  4. ^ Mosley, Charles; et al. (2003). Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, Vol. 3 (107th ed.). Burke's Peerage and Gentry. ISBN 0971196621. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Viscount Barrington Dead" (PDF). The New York Times. 30 April 1901. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  6. ^ "EARL OF CRAVEN DROWNED IN SOLENT; Believed to Have Fallen Off His Yacht in the Fight While His Crew Were Asleep. MARRIED CORNELIA MARTIN A Member of the Royal Household, He Was Well Knownto Americans". The New York Times. 11 July 1921. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  7. ^ "BRADLEY MARTIN DIES IN LONDON; Former New York Society Leader a Victim of Pneumonia in His 72d Year. GAVE GREAT BALL IN 1897 Entertained During Shooting Season at Balmacaan, In Scotland -- Father-in-Law of Earl of Craven". The New York Times. 6 February 1913. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  8. ^ "WEDDED IN GRANDEST STYLE; NUPTIALS OF MISS MARTIN AND THE EARL OF CRAVEN. Grace Church, Where the Marriage was Celebrated, Filled with Fashionable Peo- ple -- The Occasion Marred by the Break- ing In of the Outside Crowd -- Decora- tions in Lavish Profusion at Church and House -- A Hundred-Pound Wedding Cake -- Value of the Presents". The New York Times. 19 April 1893. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b Times, Marconi Transatlantic Wireless Telegraph To the New York (28 March 1912). "NOBLEMAN MUST PAY $250.; Earl of Craven's Brother May Thus End Bankruptcy" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  10. ^ "EARL OF CRAVEN DIES IN PYRENEES; Grandson of the Late Bradley Martin of New York Was 35 Years Old. LOST A LEG IN WORLD WAR -- His Only Son, Viscount Uffington, a Youth of 16, Succeeds to the Title" (PDF). The New York Times. 17 September 1932. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  11. ^ G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume III, page 506.

External linksEdit

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Abingdon
Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire
1881–1883
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Ailesbury
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Craven
Earl of Craven
1866–1883
Succeeded by
William Craven