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Geoffrey de Geneville, 1st Baron Geneville

Geoffrey de Geneville, 1st Baron Geneville (1225/33 – 21 October 1314) also known as Geoffrey de Joinville, was an Anglo-French noble, supporter of Henry III, who appointed him Baron of Trim, County Meath, and, subsequently, a staunch supporter of Edward I.

Geoffrey de Geneville
1st Baron Geneville
Trim Castle, home to Geoffrey de Geneville
HeirRoger Mortimer and Joan
Bornc.1226
Champagne
Died21 October 1314
Trim, County Meath
BuriedThe Black Friary, Trim
WifeMaud de Lacy, Baroness Geneville (12521304)
Issue
Geoffrey, Peter
FatherSimon de Joinville
MotherBeatrix d'Auxonne
ReligionRoman Catholic

Contents

Family and marriageEdit

Geoffrey was Seigneur of Vaucouleurs in Champagne, second son of Simon de Joinville and Beatrix d'Auxonne and younger brother of Jean de Joinville.[1][2] Geoffrey's half-sister was wife to one of Eleanor of Provence's uncles, Peter of Savoy, earl of Richmond.[3] Geoffrey was thus one of the "Savoyards" who arrived in England in the retinue of Eleanor at the time of her marriage to King Henry III in 1236.

Some time between 1249 and 8 August 1252, Henry III arranged Geoffrey's marriage to Maud (or 'Mathilda') de Lacy, widow of another Savoyard, Pierre de Genève, himself also a relative of Queen Eleanor, who had died in 1249. Maud had been co-heiress to vast estates and lordships in Ireland, Herefordshire, and the Welsh Marches, and the marriage is considered typical of Henry's 'policy' of appointing such 'aliens' to retain control of the outlying regions of the kingdom.[1] Geoffrey thus came to control vast estates in Ireland centred at Trim, the Welsh borders at Ludlow, Ewyas Lacy and others in England. Maud and Geoffrey had at least four sons, Geoffrey, Simon, William and Peter ('Piers').[3]

Political and military careerEdit

 
Charter for Vaucouleurs, Grant of 1298 by Walter (son of Joffroy), confirmed by Jean de Joinville (brother of Joffroy), "in the court of my dear brother Joffroy de Joinville, 'premier seignour de Vauquelour'." (Archives Nationales de France)

Geoffrey was both a military figure and political negotiator. He successfully pacified the Irish pro-Montfort and Royalist barons at this time that assisted the future Edward I's success at Evesham. In 1267 he assisted Henry III with negotiations with Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, the year of the Treaty of Montgomery.[3] With another of his brothers, William, he accompanied Edward on the Eighth Crusade in 1270, fought in Welsh Wars, and went on diplomatic missions to Paris. He served as justiciar of Ireland from 1273 to 1276 but had little success against the Leinster Irish, being heavily defeated in 1274 and 1276. In 1280 he acted as Edward's envoy in Paris and to the papal curia, a mission repeated ten years later in 1290.

In 1282 he was assistant to the Marshal of England in the Welsh War of that year.

In 1283 he granted his English lands to his son Peter and focussed his attention on Ireland.[3] He and his wife defended their liberty rights in Trim against the Dublin government, and defined military duties for his tenants.[2]

In 1297 he supported Edward in the crisis caused by royal demands for men and money for the war in France. Edward appointed Geoffrey as Marshal of England in place of the main dissenter Roger Bigod, Earl of Norfolk until the crisis was over. Geneville subsequently received a number of summonses to parliaments between February 1299 and November 1306.[3]

Later lifeEdit

Geoffrey's wife and their eldest son pre-deceased him, Maud dying on 11 April 1304.[3] In 1308, aged about eighty, he conveyed most, but not all, of his Irish lordships to Roger Mortimer, husband of his eldest granddaughter and heir, Joan. He retired to the Dominican Black Friary at Trim, that he had established 1263.[4] He died 21 October 1314 and was buried there.[2] Upon his death Joan succeeded him as "suo jure" Baroness Geneville.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hartland, Beth (November 2001). "Vaucouleurs, Ludlow and Trim: The Role of Ireland in the Career of Geoffrey de Geneville (c. 1226-1314)". Irish Historical Studies. Irish Historical Studies Publications. 32 (128): 457–477. JSTOR 30006971.
  2. ^ a b c "Geoffrey de Geneville", The Oxford Companion to Irish History, retrieved 22 March 2013
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Geneville [Joinville], Geoffrey de, first Lord Geneville (1225x33–1314), soldier and administrator". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37448.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ Mandal, Stephen; O’Carroll, Finola. "A New Model for Site Preservation and Archaeological Practice" (PDF). Archaeological Institute of America. Retrieved 23 March 2013.