Gentofte (Danish pronunciation: [ˈkentsʰʌftə]) is a district of Gentofte Municipality in the northern suburbs of Copenhagen, Denmark. Major landmarks include Gentofte Town Hall, Gentofte Hospital and Gentofte Church. Gentofte Lake with surrounding parkland and nature reserves form the most important greenspace.
Gentofte is roughly bounded by Lyngbyvej to the west, the S-train line to Hillerød to the northeast, Bernstorffsvej to the east and Kildegårdsvej to the south. The southern border with Hellerup is, however, not clearly defined. Gentofte postal district has a somewhat different definition. Gentofte, as defined by Gentofte Municipality, covers circa 335 hectares or 13% of the municipality's total. On 1 January 2012 the district had 8,289 residents, equaling 11% of the total population of Gentofte Municipality.
Gentofte Lake is a dominant geographical feature. The highest point is Ræveskovsbakken. The most urban part of the district is centred on the central part of Gentoftegade, Gentofte Torv and part of Baunegårdsvej. Secondary centre is located in the periphery of the district at Bernstorffsvej and Kildegårds Plads.
The area around Gentofte Lake has been inhabited since the Stone Age. The name Gentofte is first seen in a gift letter from Absalon to the Bishop of Roskilde from 1186. The gift comprises extensive parts of what is now Copenhagen, including "...mansionem de Gefnetofte cum omnibus pertenentiis suis" (Fentofte House with all its land). Gentofte is most likely considerably older since place names with the suffix -tofte have usually emerged during the 9th century.
The area was confiscated by the crown during the Reformation. It was placed under Ibstrup Ladegård which was renamed Jægersborg by Christian V. Tax records show that Gentofte had approximately 450 residents in 1645. In 1685 the village consisted of 19 farms. One of them (probably Gentoftegård) had been given to Queen Charlotte Amalie as a wedding present. A "cavalry school", the first of its kind in Denmark, opened in 1720.
The entire area was acquired by Foreign Minister Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff in 1752 and his new Bernstorff Palace was completed in 1765. Bernstorffsvej, a new road linking Lyngby Kongevej with the palace, opened in 1770.
Bernstorff was a driving force behind the agricultural reforms of the 1780s and the farmers were there the first in Denmark to get to own their own land. Most of the farms were moved out of the village to be closer to their land.
A parish council was established in 1842. The opening of the railway to Lyngby in 1863 resulted in increased population growth in Gentofte. In the 1870s, the population increased from 4,158 to 5,106
In 1887, Carl Ludvig Ibsen began to acquire land in the Gentoffte-Gellerup area. His plan was to sell it off in lots to developers and private citizens. He purchased Smakkegård, Rygård, Lundegård and Stengård in Gentofte. In 1916, Ibsen placed his remaining land in a company, A/S De Ibsenske Grunde i Gjentofte Sogn, which existed until 1945.
A telephone central opened on 14 August 1899. Gentoftegade was connected to Kildegårdsvej in 1906 and a tramway began to operate on the route in 1907.
Gentofte Church dates from the 12th century and is the oldest church in Gentofte Municipality. Gentofte Town Hall is from 1938 and was designed by Thorvald Jørgensen. Gentofte Hospital opened in 1927. The Neoclassical complex was designed by Emil Jørgensen and Helge Bojsen-Møller. It is a hospital for residents in the municipalities of Gentofte, Lyngby-Taarbæk and Rudersdal.
Gentofte is home to the public primary schools, Tjørnegårdsskolen and Gentofte Skole, and the special school Søgårdsskolen as well as the private primary school Vidarskole. It is also home to the upper secondary school Aurehøj Gymnasium and Gentofte HF.
Gentofte Sportspark in the northern part of Gentofte is the principal hub for sports in the municipality. Gentofte is also home to the indoor swimming venue Kildeskovshallen, a tennis venue and an equestrian centre at Maltegårdsvej.
Parks and open spacesEdit
- Svend Johansen (1890 in Gentofte – 1970) a Danish painter, scenographer and illustrator
- Gertie Wandel (1894 in Gentofte – 1988) a textile artist and local politician
- Bjørn Puggaard-Müller (1922 in Gentofte – 1989) a Danish film actor 
- Helle Thorborg (born 1927 in Gentofte) a Danish painter and graphic designer
- Toni Lander (1931 in Gentofte – 1985) a ballerina, followed the ballets of August Bournonville
- Per Nørgård (born 1932 in Gentofte) a Danish composer
- Jane Reumert (1942 in Gentofte – 2016) was a ceramist using pottery, fiberglass and ceramic
- Nina Sten-Knudsen (born 1957 in Gentofte) a painter, promoted the Danish Wild Youth
- Lars Ulrich (born 1963 in Gentofte) a Danish musician, songwriter, record producer and drummer for Metallica, moved to Los Angeles in 1980
- Jacob Gils (born ca. 1965 in Gentofte) a contemporary art photographer, uses a multiple exposure technique called "Movement".
- Agnes Obel (born 1980 in Gentofte) a Danish singer, songwriter and musician; moved to Berlin in 2005
Academics, science, and businessEdit
- John Brown, (1723 - 1808 in Gentofte) a Scottish-Danish merchant and ship-owner
- Birgitte Cathrine Boye (1742 in Gentofte – 1824) a Danish hymnwriter
- Arne Jacobsen (1902–1971), architect and furniture designer, who built extensively in Gentofte and lived on Strandvejen.
- Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller (1913–2012) Shipping tycoon, Denmark's wealthiest person, lived in the municipality
- Ida Blom (1931 in Gentofte – 2016) a Norwegian historian and academic
- Eske Willerslev (born 1971 in Gentofte) a Danish evolutionary geneticist notable for his pioneering work in molecular anthropology, palaeontology, and ecology
- Rane Willerslev (born 1971 in Gentofte) a Danish anthropologist
- Peter Naur (1928-2016) a Danish computer scientist, lived in the municipality
- Claire Maxwell a German-Australian sociologist, resident in the municipality
- Erik Andersen (1904 in Gentofte – 1938) a Danish chess master
- Knud Bastrup-Birk (1919 in Gentofte – 1973) amateur footballer, played 18 games for Denmark
- Lars Dresler (1968 in Gentofte – 1995) a Danish figure skater and Denmark's flag bearer at the 1988 Winter Olympics
- Anja Bolbjerg (born 1971 in Gentofte) a Danish freestyle skier, competed at the 1998 and 2002 Winter Olympics
- Sune Berg Hansen (born 1971 in Gentofte) a Danish chess grandmaster, seven-time Danish Chess Champion
- Joachim Fischer Nielsen (born 1978 in Gentofte) a badminton player, team bronze medallist at the 2012 Summer Olympics
- Christoffer Nygaard (born 1986 in Gentofte) a Danish auto racing driver
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