Genovese basil

Genovese basil (in Ligurian language baxaicò or baxeicò) is a cultivar of Ocimum basilicum (sweet basil). It is one of the most popular basils for culinary use, particularly for its use in pesto, the traditional Genoese sauce. The name "Basilico Genovese" is protected by the European Union with the Denominazione di Origine Protetta certification.[1][2] Genoese basil is produced in the provinces of Genoa, Savona and Imperia.

Genovese basil

The best genoese basil is said to be grown in Prà,[3] a western delegation of the city of Genoa. The nearby presence of a large steel mill from the 1950s to the 1980s threatened the cultivar, said to be necessary to produce the "real" genoese pesto. Now the threat is mostly gone with the dismissal of the mill and the conversion of the remaining lines to less polluting productions.[4]

Nomenclature and TaxonomyEdit

Taxonomic rank Classification

[Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN)]

Synonym(s) Common name(s)
Kingdom Plantae[5][TSN: 202422][6] Plantes [French],

Planta [Portuguese], Vegetal [Portuguese], plants [English][6]

Subkingdom Viridiplantae[5][TSN: 954898][7] Viridaeplantae[7] Green plants [English][7]
Infrakingdom Streptophyta[5][TSN: 846494][8] Land plants [English][8]
Superdivision Embryophyta[5][TSN: 846494] Embryopsida[9]
Division Tracheophyta[5][TSN: 846496][10] Psilotophyta, Microphyllophyta, Arthrophyta, Pterophyta, Cycadophyta, Ginkgophyta, Coniferophyta, Gnetophyta, Magnoliophyta, Equisetophyta, Lycopodiophyta, Polypodiophyta, Tracheobionta, Psilophyta, Pteridophyta, Pteridophytina[10] Vascular plants [English], tracheophytes [English][10]
Subdivision Spermatophytina[5]

[TSN: 846504][11]

spermatophytes [English], seed plants [English], phanérogames [French][11]
Class Magnoliopsida[5][TSN: 18063][12] Angiospermae, Magnoliidae, Hamamelidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, Liliopsida, Alismatidae, Commelinidae, Arecidae, Liliidae, Magnoliatae, Dicotyledoneae, Liliatae, Hamamelididae, Zingiberidae, Angiospermae, Icacinales, Metteniusales, Oncothecales, Vahliales[13]
Superorder Asteranae[5][TSN: 846535][14]
Order Lamiales[5][TSN: 31632] Plantaginales, Scrophulariales, Callitrichales[12]
Family Lamiaceae[5][TSN: 32251][15] Labiatae[15] mints [English], menthes [French][15]
Genus Ocimum L. − basil[5][TSN: 32626][16] basil [English][16]
Species Ocimum basilicum L.[5][TSN: 32627][5] Ocimum americanum[5] sweet basil [English][5]
Cultivar Ocimum basilicum L. — cv. Genovese[17][18] Genovese basil [English],[19]

Basilico Genovese [Italian][1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "REG. (UE) N. 611/2010".
  2. ^ "Disciplinare Basilico Genovese DOP (in Italian)". Archived from the original on 2012-03-26.
  3. ^ "Parco del basilico di Genova Prà (in Italian)". Archived from the original on 2011-06-21.
  4. ^ "Genovese basil". Sara's Super Herbs. Archived from the original on 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2007-01-03.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "ITIS - Report: Ocimum basilicum". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  6. ^ a b "ITIS - Report: Plantae". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  7. ^ a b c "ITIS - Report: Viridiplantae". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  8. ^ a b "ITIS - Report: Streptophyta". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  9. ^ "ITIS - Report: Embryophyta". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  10. ^ a b c "ITIS - Report: Tracheophyta". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  11. ^ a b "ITIS - Report: Spermatophytina". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  12. ^ a b "ITIS - Report: Lamiales". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  13. ^ "ITIS - Report: Magnoliopsida". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  14. ^ "ITIS - Report: Asteranae". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  15. ^ a b c "ITIS - Report: Lamiaceae". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  16. ^ a b "ITIS - Report: Ocimum". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  17. ^ Jakovljević, Dragana; Momčilović, Jovana; Bojović, Biljana; Stanković, Milan (2021-03-21). "The Short-Term Metabolic Modulation of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. cv. 'Genovese') after Exposure to Cold or Heat". Plants (Basel, Switzerland). 10 (3): 590. doi:10.3390/plants10030590. ISSN 2223-7747. PMC 8004128. PMID 33801088.
  18. ^ "Ocimum basilicum cultivar:Genovese (ID 658424) - BioProject - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  19. ^ "NParks | Ocimum basilicum 'Genovese'". www.nparks.gov.sg. Retrieved 2022-03-15.

See alsoEdit