General Motors South Africa
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General Motors South Africa, or GMSA, is a wholly owned subsidiary of American automobile manufacturer General Motors. It manufacturers and distributes automobiles under the Chevrolet, Opel and Isuzu brands. The company is headquartered in Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
|Wholly owned subsidiary|
|Predecessor||Delta Motor Corporation (1987–2003)|
Number of employees
Founded in 1913, GMSA initially distributed Chevrolet vehicles before beginning to manufacture and distribute vehicles of all of GM's brands in 1926, with the Chevrolet Series AA Capitol. By the 1960s this included the British Vauxhall marque.
In 1986, it was sold off and rebranded the Delta Motor Corporation as a result of the passage of the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act in the United States and subsequent divestment of General Motors from apartheid South Africa. Delta continued to use the Opel, Isuzu and Suzuki brands under licence from GM as well as pay for the supply of assembly kits.
Following the transition to democracy in the 1990s, GM acquired a 49 percent stake in the company in 1997, and in 2004 the company once again became a wholly owned subsidiary of General Motors, reverting to its original name.
Although GM divested the last of its ownership of Isuzu, it still owns the dealership network in South Africa, and builds/assembles the Isuzu pick-ups and trucks.
On 18 May 2017 GMSA announced in Port Elizabeth that it will cease operations in the South African market by the end of 2017.
In 1974, General Motors South Africa Ltd. began constructing GM-designed locomotives rather than importing them from the United States. In January 1987, GMSA was sold to local management which continued production as the Delta Motor Corporation. The company failed after one order of 11E-Type locomotives were constructed using GMSA leftovers. Delta Motor Corporation focused instead on automobile engines rather than locomotives, shutting down the plant where the locomotives were constructed.
The locomotive customers for GMSA (1974–1987) were:
- South African Railways
- African Explosives & Chemical Industries
- Anglo-American Coal
- Middleburg Steel & Alloys
- KwaZulu Finance & Development Corporation
- Port of Richards Bay – coal terminal
- Bophuthatswana National Development Corporation
Exit from South AfricaEdit
GMSA announced on 18 May 2017 that it will stop production and sales of Chevrolet products by end of 2017. Isuzu will buy back the 30% ownership of Isuzu Trucks South Africa and will purchase GMSA's manufacturing facility and take control of the Port Elizabeth headquarters, to ensure that the Isuzu brand remains in South Africa. As regards the Opel brand, on 14 June 2017 it was announced that the Opel brand would remain after the Williams Hunt Group stepped in to become the official distributor starting from January 2018. The deal with Isuzu was approved by the Competition Commission on 27 November 2017.
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- Sanctions Against Apartheid, Community Agency for Social Enquiry (South Africa), New Africa Books, 1989, page 230
- GM to slip into Delta's driving seat, CAR magazine, 30 October 2003
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- "Opel's future in SA secured! Williams Hunt steps in..." CARmag.co.za. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
- "Commission approves Isuzu Motors SA's requisition of Isuzu Light Commercial Vehicle". Independent Online. Retrieved 24 December 2017.