King of the Geats
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Geatish kings (Latin: Rex Getarum/Gothorum), ruling over the provinces of Götaland (Gautland/Geatland), appear in several sources for early Swedish history. Today, most of them are not considered historical.
This list follows the generally accepted identification between the names Götar (modern Swedish), Gautar (Old Norse) and Geatas (Old English), which is based both on tradition, literary sources and on etymology. However, unlike some translations it does not identify this tribe with the Goths. Both Old Norse and Old English records clearly separate the Geats from the Goths, while still depicting them as closely related to each other.
From the Middle Ages until 1974, the king of Sweden claimed the title King of the Geats as "King of Sweden and Geats/Goths" or "Rex Sweorum et Gothorum". Danish monarchs used the similar title "King of the Goths" from 1362 until 1972.
- Dag, contemporary with Yngvi-Frey in Gamla Uppsala, in Sturlaugs saga 19 & 23.
- Gizur 4th century, who helps the Goths during the battles with the Huns in Hervarar saga (see Hlöd).
- Gauti (in Herraud's saga), probably the same as Gaut the father of Gautrek according to the Ynglinga saga. See Sons of Odin.
- Ring son of Gauti (king of East Götaland in Bósa saga ok Herrauds)
- Herrauðr, son of Ring (king of East Götaland in Bósa saga ok Herrauds)
- Gautrekr, appearing in several sources.
- Ketill Gautreksson, in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar.
- Hrólfr Gautreksson, in Hrólfs saga Gautrekssonar.
- Gestiblindus, according to Gesta Danorum.
- Yngwin ("Yngve") 5th century (in Gesta Danorum, see Halfdan)
- Siward, contemporary with Yngwin's grandson (in Gesta Danorum)
- Algaut 4th century or the 7th century (in the Norse sagas)
- Thorir (the brother of Bödvar Bjarki (Beowulf?) in the Hrólf Kraki's saga)
- Sigar?, the father of Siggeir, who genealogically corresponds to Yngwin, the king of Götaland in Gesta Danorum.
- Siggeir 5th century, a son of Sigar and the king of Götaland in the Volsunga saga
- Swerting (Swartingaz) (in Beowulf).
- Hreðel (Hrōþilōn) (a relative of Swerting, in Beowulf) (nephew, grandson or stepson)
- Hæþcyn (Haþukunjaz, Heiðkonr) d. 514 or 515 (the son of Hrethel, in Beowulf)
- Hygelac (Hugilaikaz, Hugleikr) d. 516 (the son of Hrethel, in Beowulf)
- Heardred (Hardarēdaz, Harðráðr) d. ca 530 (the son of Hygelac, in Beowulf)
- Beowulf (Bīōwulfaz, Bjólfr) d. ca 580? (the nephew of Hygelac, in Beowulf)
- Wiglaf (the kinsman of Beowulf, in Beowulf)
Kings of East Gotland (Östergötland)
- Helm Early 6th century, the Wulfing king mentioned in Widsith. Possible Reign Date Range 475-530.
- Högne 7th century, the king of East Götaland (in the Heimskringla) and the father-in-law of Granmar. Most likely descendant of Helm.
- Hjörvard 7th century, king of East Götaland (in Sögubrot) Married Hildagun daughter of Granmer. Most likely descendant of Helm.
- Helgi Ylfing 7th century, probably a king of East Götaland in the Norse sagas and son-in-law of Högne. If we separate the merged Helgi into two time frames periods. He is recorded as the killer of Hogne and his sons and also Granmers son's.
- Hjörmund 7th century, king of East Götaland (in Sögubrot) and a son of Hjörvard. He was most likely grandson of Högne. Given the throne by Ivar Harold Wartooths grandfather.
Battle of BråvallaEdit
Chronologically assigned to the 8th century, but poorly attested historically, the battle of Bråvalla (in a location legendarily between West and East Gothenland) was fought between the "king of Sweden" (Sigurd Hring) who is said to have ruled Westrogothians, and the "king of Denmark" (Harald Wartooth) whose realm is said to have included Ostrogothians.
When sources become more reliable, Götaland is an integrated part of the Swedish kingdom and from Stenkil and onwards most of the medieval Swedish kings actually belonged to Geatish clans (House of Stenkil, House of Sverker and the House of Bjelbo, possibly also the House of Eric). In the early high Middle Ages some kings in Sweden were titled rex Visigothorum and rex Gothorum, failing to hold the Swedish core provinces in Svealand. The non-Geatish King Ragnvald Knaphövde was killed by the Geats as he despised them and travelled among them without Geatish hostages.
- Ingold I, king of Västergötland (1081)
- Halsten, king of Västergötland (1081)
- Magnus the Strong, king of Västergötland (reigned 1125–1130)
- Kol, king of Östergötland (see Ingold II) (early 12th century)
- Karl Sverkersson, rex Gothorum before becoming king of all of Sweden.
- since Magnus III of Sweden until accession of Charles XVI Gustav, Sweden's monarchs were officially titled King of the Goths; and quite parallelly, since Valdemar IV's conquest of Gotland until accession of Margarethe II of Denmark, Denmark's monarchs were similarly titled.
- The 16th-century forgery Ballad of Eric tells of the first king of Götaland Eric ("Eiriker"), who for a long time was considered historical.