Garoth is a town in the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. It is one of the tehsil of Mandsaur District.
|• Total||120 km2 (50 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Sex ratio||51% Male 49% Female ♂/♀|
The town has an area of 9,791 km². The district is part of the Malwa region, and is bounded by Neemuch District to the north, Rajasthan state to the east and west and It is part of Ujjain Division
Garoth forms the northern projection of Madhya Pradesh from its western Division, i.e., Ujjain Commissioner's Division
As of 2012[update] India census, Garoth had a population of 1,89,729. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Garoth has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 50%. In Garoth, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
People from all communities are living here like khati, porwal, agrawal, Jadon etc. largest no. of population according to communities khatis are the top.
cities covered are Bardiya Amera, Pawati, Boliya, Kotda Bujurg, KalaKheda, Shamghar, Agar, Chachawadha pathari, Melkheda, Nariya, SathKheda, and other small villages and tehsils.
Schools and CollegesEdit
- Kshatriya Khati English School
- Swami Vivekanand High School
- Sharda convent
- Vidhya vinay mandir, Govt. boys Higher sec. school
- Govt. Girls higher sec. school
- Shri Ram vidhya pit.
- Sanskar Valley higher secondary school,
The climate of this district is generally dry except in south-west monsoon. Year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from December to February. This is followed by the hot season from March to the middle of June. Thereafter the south west monsoon season starts and continues up to about the middle of September. The average annual rainfall in the District is 786.6 mm. The rainfall in the Districts in the region round about Sitamau- Mandsaur- Malhargarh, and in general increases in the northern part of the District from the west towards the east. The heaviest rainfall in 24 hours recorded at any station in the District was 323.9 mm. at Garoth on 1945 June 29. In District there is rapid increase in temperatures after February . May is generally the hottest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at 39.80 C. and the mean daily minimum at 25.40 C. Days are intensely hot in summer and hot dust-laden winds which below during this season add to the discomfort. On individual days in the summer session and in June before the onset of the monsoon the day temperatures often go up above 45 C. January is the coldest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at 35 C. and mean daily minimum at 9 C.
Garoth is rich in archaeological and historical heritage. The most common language is Malvi (Rajasthani and Hindi Mixed).
Gandhi Sagar damEdit
Gandhisagar Dam is situated at a distance of 60 km. from the city headquarter. The Dam is constructed on the Chambal River. Foundation stone for the construction of Gandhi Sagar Dam / Power Station in the District was laid by the Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru on 7 March 1954. The work was started in 1957 in the power station, while power generation and its distribution commenced in November, 1960. The total expenditure on the construction of Gandhi Sagar Dam and Power Station was about Rs. 18 Crores 40 Lakhs. The expenditure on construction of Power Station was Rs. 4 Crores 80 Lakhs.
Gandhi Sagar Power Station is 65 meter long and 56 feet wide. The Power Station has five turbines of 23 M.W. capacity, thus having a total installed capacity of 115 M.W.
The Gandhi Sagar Power Station now supplies electricity throughout the District. Besides meeting the power requirements in the District, electricity from this power house is supplied to such far off places in the Madhya Pradesh and in Rajasthan state.
Dharma rajeshwar TempleEdit
It has the 9th century monolithic temple of Dharmarajeshwara, carving it out of solid natural rock. The temple is carved out of a rock of size 50 metre in length, 20 metre in width and 9 metre deep. It has a sanctum with a Sabhamandapa and porch. The spire of the shrine is in the north Indian style. The architecture of Dharmarajesvara temple can be compared with Kailash Temple of Ellora. There is a big temple in the middle 14.53 metre in length and 10 metre in width. Around the main temple there are seven small temples. There is a big Shivalinga in the main temple along with a statue of Vishnu. Engraved on the entrance gate are figures of Vishnu and Lakshami. There are statues of Bhairava, Kali, Shiva, Garuda and Parvati. The temple seems to be devoted to both Shiva and Vishnu. A grand fair is organized at Dharmrajeshwar temple on the occasion of Shivaratri every year when large number of people gather from the nearby areas. The town Chandwasa itself also contains an old medieval temple which was later on destroyed and converted into a patchwork mosque, its door-frame finding place in the Museum at Indore.
The most important and interesting monuments at Dhamnar are the Rock cut caves and temples. They are cut into the coarse laterite rock of the southern hill. There is a series of fourteen the 7th century rock-cut Buddhist Caves with monasteries and Stupas, cut in a hill called Chandanagiri in ancient times and giving its name to the neighbouring town of Chandwasa (Chandanavasa).
A Stone Wheel for Mortar making at Dharmrajeshwar These caves were first noticed by James Tod who gave a number of caves to be 170 and indicated them to be belonging to Jain culture. He identified five statues as those of tirthankaras: Rishabhadeva, Neminath, Parshavanath, Shantinath and Mahavira. The local people consider these statues to be of the five Pandavas. Later these were visited by Alexander Cunningham, Ferguson and Henry Kajins who disagreed with Tod. Dr Ferguson counted number of caves to be 60-70. Alexander Cunningham was also in agreement with Dr Ferguson. Ferguson considers the period of construction of caves from 408-475 AD. The important caves at Dhamnar are as under: Badi kachahari - Cave number 6 is known by the name of Badi kachahari. There is a grand mandapa on four pillars in the cave. chatya is in the back. Badi kachahari is a large chaitya hall with pillared portion in front enclosed by a stone railing. Chhoti kachahari - Cave number 8 is known by the name of Chhoti kachahari. Kamini mahal or Rajlok - Cave number 11 is known by the name of Kamini mahal or Rajlok. Bhim Bazar - Cave number 1 is known by the name of Bhim Bazar. it is the largest of Dhanmar caves. It consists of an open porch or verandah with a couple of rooms in the rear. The rectangular court has a chaitya in the centre enclosed on three sides by rows of small cells each side having a smaller chapel in the central cell. The sculptures include seated Buddhas. Hathi bandhi - Cave number 12 is known by the name of Hathi bandhi. Chhota Bazar - Cave number 13 is known by the name of Chhota Bazar. This is considered best of all the caves. In a big hall in north of this cave is a small devalaya in which is housed an 8 feet high statue of Buddha.
Chamunda Mata TempleEdit
Chamunda (Sanskrit: चामुण्डा, Cāmuṇḍā), also known as Chamundi, Chamundeshwari and Charchika, is a fearsome aspect of Devi, the Hindu Divine Mother and one of the seven Matrikas (mother goddesses). She is also one of the chief Yoginis, a group of sixty-four or eighty-one Tantric goddesses, who are attendants of the warrior goddess Durga. The name is a combination of Chanda and Munda, two monsters whom Chamunda killed. She is closely associated with Kali, another fierce aspect of Devi. She is sometimes identified with goddesses Parvati, Chandi or Durga as well. The goddess is often portrayed as haunting cremation grounds or fig trees. The goddess is worshipped by ritual animal sacrifices along with offerings of wine and in the ancient times, human sacrifices were offered too. Originally a tribal goddess, Chamunda was assimilated in Hinduism and later entered the Jain pantheon too. Though in Jainism, the rites of her worship include vegetarian offerings, and not the meat and liquor offerings.
Shri Kaleshwar TempleEdit
Shri Kaleshwar Mandir is a large Hindu temple in Garoth city. It is dedicated to the village deity, Shri Kaleshwar, who is also called Kaloba. The temple dates back 700 to 800 years, when, according to legend, a Brahmin dug into the ground and discovered a natural lingam, an emblem of Shiva. The temple was founded on that spot, and the lingam is now enshrined in the temple's sanctum sanctorum. The most important festival at Shri Kaleshwar Mandir is the five-day Maha Shivaratri Utsav, in which the idol of Kaleshwar is drawn out of the temple in its chariot. The festival is accompanied by a fair and attracts visitors from great distances. Other festivals include Maghi Ganesh Utsav, celebrated in the month of Magh, and Navratri Utsav.
Ambe Mata TempleEdit
Ambaji mata temple is a major Shakti Peeth of India. In the holy temple of "Arasuri Ambaji", there is no image or statue of goddess the holy "Shree Visa Yantra" is worshiped as the main deity. No one can see the Yantra with naked eye. the photography of the Yantra is prohibited. The original seat of Ambaji mata is on gabbar hilltop in the town. A large number of devotees visit the temple every year specially on Purnima days. A large mela on Bhadarvi poornima (full moon day) is held. Every Year from all over the country people come here walking all over from their native place just to worship MAA AMBE in July. The whole Ambaji is lighted up as the whole nation lights up at the festive time of Diwali.
- "Literacy rate". Web.archive.org. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.