Gara is a Hindustani classical raga belonging to the Khamaj Thaat. This raga is similar to raga Jaijaiwanti. Both ragas i.e. raga Jaijaiwanti and raga Gara, have the same svaras. Gara is a rare raga.[5] It is rendered in the late evening.[2] The raga uses all the seven notes, six in the ascent and seven in the descent. Therefore the Jati of the raga is Shaadav-Sampurna. While some say that seven svaras are played in the ascent and seven in the descent. Therefore the Jati then becomes Sampurna-Sampurna.[1] It uses both, the Komal (flat) and Shuddha (full) Nishad, and all other notes are Shuddha (full).[3] The derivative ragas out of this structure are grouped under the broad head of Khamaj Thaat. Gara belongs to a family of melodic entities, which were apparently derived from folk melodies, and entered art-music in association with the thumri genre. This family includes ragas like Kafi, Piloo, Jangula, Barwa, and Zilla, along with several others.[4] This raga expresses the feeling of happiness and satisfaction of achievement, however it simultaneously conveys the sadness of losing. This raga is also a vivacious and romantic one.

Raga Gara
Thaat
TypeSampurna - Sampurna [1]
Time of day6 pm / 9 pm - late evening[2]
ArohanaS G (komal) m P D N S [3]
AvarohanaS N D P m G (komal) S
PakadR g R S D n P D N S G M R g R [4]
ChalanR g R S D n P D N S G M R g R [4]
VadiGa
SamavadiNi
SimilarPiloo, Jaijaiwanti

CompositionEdit

Raga Jaijaiwanti bears the closest resemblance to Gara. However, some also believe that raga Gara is a combination of Khamaj, Piloo and Jhinjhoti. The raga belongs to the Khamaj parent scale, and is characterised by a notional scale-base at Pa of the lower octave, rather than the customary Sa. Sometimes it is considered to be in the Kafi parent scale too.[4] The types of raga Gara can be separated by one, the bright Gara (which gravitates more towards Khamaj thaat and maybe a little into the Bilaval Thaat) from the more somber Gara which is the other type, which gets more into Kafi thaat and even Piloo-ang.[6] Raga Gara can also be influenced by certain ragas like, raga Maand or even raga Bhinna Shadja, raga Pancham se Gara, raga Pahadi, raga Piloo, raga Sindura, raga Zilla and raga Manjh Khamaj in terms of playing Thumris or Bhajans (Semi-classical music).[6] But this doesn't include the Raga Vistar (aalap) or Khyal Gayaki (Classical music) because a ragas original composition and structure doesn't change in the raga vistar. This factor may change in the semi-classical forms of any raga.

Aarohana

S G (komal) m P D N S [3]

Avaroha

S N D P m G (komal) S

Pakad / Chalan

R g R S D n P D N S G (komal) M R g R [4]

Vadi

Ga

Samavadi

Ni

Songs in Raga GaraEdit

(The references of all songs that are given below are - [7][8])

Aise To Na Dekho
Film - Teen Deviyan
Year - 1965
Raga - Gara
Tala - Dadra
Music Director - S. D. Burman
Singer - Mohd. Rafi
Video link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OaginwwacJI


Diwana Kahe Ke Aaj Mujhe Phir Pukariye
Film - Mulzim
Year -1963
Raga - Gara
Tala - Dadra
Music Director - Ravi
Singer - Mohd. Rafi
Video link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TDuQcRX6hXg


Hamsafar Saath Apna Chhod Chale
Film - Aakhri Daao
Year -1958
Raga - Gara
Tala - Dadra
Music Director - Madan Mohan
Singer - Mohd. Rafi, Asha Bhosle
Video link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OIZaLYIfPXg


Tere Mere Sapne Ab Ek Rang Hain
Film - Guide
Year - 1965
Raga - Gara
Tala - Dadra
Music Director - S.D. Burman
Singer - Mohd. Rafi
Video link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ngch5NKgPh8


Jivan Mein Piya Tera Sath Rahe
Film - Gunj Uthi Shehnai
Year - 1959
Raga - Gara
Tala - Kaherava
Music Director - Vasant Desai
Singers - Lata Mangeshkar, Mohd. Rafi
Video link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=10c6TeWZmVE


Kabhi Khud Pe Kabhi Haalaath Pe Ronaa Aayaa
Film - Hum Dono
Year - 1961
Raga - Gara
Tala - Dadra
Music Director - Jaidev
Singer - Mohd. Rafi
Video link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CzpHlGxDzqE


Mohe Panghat Pe Nandalal Ched Gayo Re
Film - Mughal-e-Azam
Year - 1960
Raga - Gara
Tala - Dadra
Music Director - Naushad
Singer - Lata Mangeshkar
Video link - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H4y8tXUlJjA


Unnai Kaanadhu naan
Language - Tamil
Movie    - Vishwaroopam
Raga     - Gara
Year     - 2013
Composer - Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy
 Vocal   - Shankar Mahadevan & Kamal Haasan


Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram
Raga - Gara
Composer - Tulsidas or Ramdas
Tuned by - Vishnu Digambar Paluskar
Popularised by Mahatma Gandhi


 Chanthu Thottile
 Film     - Banaras
 Language - Malayalam 
 Year     - 2009
 Raga     - Mishra Gara
           with touches of Malhar
 Composer - M Jayachandran
 Lyricist - Gireesh Puttenchery
 Vocal    - Shreya Ghoshal

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Raag : Gara | sangtar.com
  2. ^ a b "- Raagtime".
  3. ^ a b c Gara Raaga – Indian Music School
  4. ^ a b c d e Ragas Darbari And Gara
  5. ^ Raag Gara is a rare raga. It belongs to... - Indian Music Group (IMG) | Facebook
  6. ^ a b "Raga Gara".
  7. ^ Film Songs in Rag Gara
  8. ^ "RagaSphere". Archived from the original on 2020-07-07. Retrieved 2021-02-10.