Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Barred puffbird, (Nystalus radiatus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Suborder: Galbuli
Vigors, 1825

Galbuliformes Fürbringer, 1888 Galbulae Vigors, 1825

Galbuli is one of the two suborders of the order Piciformes and includes two families Bucconidae (puffbirds) and Galbulidae (jacamars). The other suborder Pici is a global group of piciforms, puffbirds and jacamars are only found in the Neotropics.



It was thought the jacamars and puffbirds were not closely related to toucans and woodpeckers, but instead related to the order Coraciiformes.[1][2] However, analysis of nuclear DNA in a 2003 study placed them as sister group to Pici, also showing that the groups had developed zygodactyl feet (two toes facing forward and two aft) before separating.[3] Per Ericson and colleagues, in analysing genomic DNA, confirmed that puffbirds and jacamars were sister groups and their place in Piciformes.[4] The lineage is sometimes elevated to order level as Galbuliformes,[5] first proposed by Sibley and Ahlquist in 1990.[2]


The following arrangement of taxa is based on Witt (2004).[6]


  1. ^ Sibley, Charles Gald & Ahlquist, Jon Edward (1990): Phylogeny and classification of birds. Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn.
  2. ^ a b Feduccia, Alan (1999). The Origin and Evolution of Birds. Yale University Press. p. 341. ISBN 9780300078619. 
  3. ^ Johansson, Ulf S.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2003). "Molecular support for a sister group relationship between Pici and Galbulae (Piciformes sensu Wetmore 1960" (PDF). Journal of Avian Biology. 34 (2): 185. doi:10.1034/j.1600-048X.2003.03103.x. 
  4. ^ Ericson, P. G. P.; Anderson, C. L.; Britton, T.; Elzanowski, A.; Johansson, U. S.; Källersjö, M.; Ohlson, J. I.; Parsons, T. J.; Zuccon, D.; Mayr, G. (2006). "Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils". Biology Letters. 2 (4): 543–547. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0523. PMC 1834003 . PMID 17148284. 
  5. ^ Hans Winkler; David A. Christie; David Nurney (2010). Woodpeckers: An Identification Guide to the Woodpeckers of the World. A&C Black. ISBN 9781408135044. 
  6. ^ Witt, C.C. (2004), Rates of Molecular Evolution and their Application to Neotropical Avian Biogeography, Ph.D. dissertation, Louisiana State University

External linksEdit