Gajah Mada inscription

Gajah Mada inscription also known as Singhasari inscription, is an inscription written in old Javanese script, dated to 1214 Saka or corresponds to 1351 CE from Majapahit period, discovered in Singosari district, Malang Regency, East Java. The inscription is now preserved in National Museum of Indonesia in Jakarta under inventory number D 111.[1]

This inscription was written to commemorate the construction of a funerary caitya or burial temple dedicated to King Kertanegara of Singhasari, carried out by Mahapatih Gajah Mada.[2] The first half of this inscription described a very detailed date, including the astronomical position of the celestial bodies. The second half suggests the purpose of this inscription, which is as a construction of a caitya. The temple mentioned in this inscription most possibly refer to the syncretic Shivaist-Buddhist Singhasari temple, since this inscription was discovered near this temple.[2]

TranscriptionEdit

  1. / 0 / 'i śaka ; 1214 ; jyeṣṭa māsa ; 'irika diwaśani
  2. kamoktan. pāduka bhaṭāra sang lumah ring śiwa buddha /’ ; /’ swa-
  3. sti śri śaka warṣatita ; 1273 ; weśaka māsa tithi pratipā-
  4. da śuklapakṣa ; ha ; po ; bu ; wara ; tolu ; niri tistha graha-
  5. cara ; mṛga śira nakṣatra ; śaśi dewata ; bāyabya maṇḍala ;
  6. sobhanayoga ; śweta muhurtta ; brahmāparwweśa ; kistughna ;
  7. kāraṇa wṛṣabharaśi ; ‘irika diwaśa sang mahāmantri mūkya ; ra-
  8. kryan mapatih mpu mada ; sākṣat. praṇala kta rāsika de bhaṭā-
  9. ra sapta prabhu ; makādi śri tribhuwanotungga dewi mahārā
  10. jasa jayawiṣṇuwārddhani ; potra-potrikā de pāduka bha-
  11. ṭāra śri kṛtanāgara jñaneśwara bajra nāmābhiṣaka sama-
  12. ngkāna twĕk. rakryan mapatih jirṇnodhara ; makirtti caitya ri
  13. mahābrāhmāṇa ; śewa sogata samāñjalu ri kamokta-
  14. n pāduka bhaṭāra ; muwah sang mahāwṛddha mantri linā ri dagan
  15. bhaṭāra ; doning caitya de rakryan. mapatih pangabhaktya-
  16. nani santana pratisantana sang parama satya ri pāda dwaya bhaṭā-
  17. ra ; ‘ika ta kirtti rakryan mapatih ri yawadwipa maṇḍala /’[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ngalam.id. "Prasasti Singhasari (Gajah Mada)". ngalam.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2019-01-09.
  2. ^ a b "Siapa Sebenarnya Kakek Gajah Mada?". Historia - Obrolan Perempuan Urban (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2019-01-08.