Gais, South Tyrol

Gais (Italian pronunciation: [ˈɡais]; German pronunciation: [ˈgaɪ̯s]) is a comune (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) north-east of the city of Bolzano.

Gais
Gemeinde Gais
Comune di Gais
Neuhaus Castle
Neuhaus Castle
Location of Gais
Gais is located in Italy
Gais
Gais
Location of Gais in Italy
Gais is located in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Gais
Gais
Gais (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol)
Coordinates: 46°50′N 11°57′E / 46.833°N 11.950°E / 46.833; 11.950Coordinates: 46°50′N 11°57′E / 46.833°N 11.950°E / 46.833; 11.950
CountryItaly
RegionTrentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
ProvinceSouth Tyrol (BZ)
FrazioniLanebach (Lana di Gais), Mühlbach (Riomolino), Tesselberg (Montassilone) and Uttenheim (Villa Ottone)
Government
 • MayorChristian Gartner (SVP)
Area
 • Total60.3 km2 (23.3 sq mi)
Elevation
841 m (2,759 ft)
Population
 (Nov. 2010)[2]
 • Total3,162
 • Density52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demonym(s)German:Gaiser
Italian: di Gais
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
39030
Dialing code0474
WebsiteOfficial website
St. John in Gais

GeographyEdit

As of 30 November 2010, it had a population of 3,162 and an area of 60.3 km2 (23.3 sq mi).[3]

Gais is one of the three communes of South Tyrol whose name, for the reason of sounding "romantic", remained unchanged by the early 20th century renaming programme which aimed at replacing mostly German place names with Italianised versions, the other two being Plaus and Lana.[4]

Gais borders the following municipalities: Bruneck, Sand in Taufers, Pfalzen, Percha, and Mühlwald.

FrazioniEdit

The municipality of Gais contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Lanebach (Lana di Gais), Mühlbach (Riomolino), Tesselberg (Montassilone) and Uttenheim (Villa Ottone).

HistoryEdit

Coat-of-armsEdit

The emblem is party per bend or and azure with two bendlets azure; the remaining field represents a sable eagle with a halo and the head facing left. The eagle symbolizes John the Evangelist which the parish church is dedicated and the two azure bendlets the two castles Kehlburg and Neuhaus. The emblem was adopted in 1956.[5]

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Gais is twinned with:

SocietyEdit

Linguistic distributionEdit

According to the 2011 census, 97.05% of the population speak German, 2.65% Italian and 0.29% Ladin as first language.[6]

Demographic evolutionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  4. ^ Olt, Reinhard (28 September 2000). "Am Eisack (Isarco) und an der Etsch (Adige) Namen in Südtirol wecken nationale Leidenschaften". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.
  5. ^ Heraldry of the World: Gais
  6. ^ "Volkszählung 2011/Censimento della popolazione 2011". astat info. Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol (38): 6–7. June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-14.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Gais, South Tyrol at Wikimedia Commons