General Motors N platform

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The General Motors N platform (commonly called the N-body or N car) was a front-wheel drive compact automotive platform produced from 1984 to 2005. The GM N platform was based on the GM J-Body and replaced the GM X platform.

GM N Platform
3rd-Pontiac-Grand-Am-sedan.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerGeneral Motors
Also calledP-90
GMX130
Production1984–2005
Body and chassis
ClassCompact (C) platform
Mid-size (D) platform
LayoutFF layout
Body style(s)4-door Sedan
2-door Coupé
VehiclesBuick Skylark, Buick Somerset, Chevrolet Malibu/Classic, Oldsmobile Achieva, Oldsmobile Alero, Oldsmobile Calais/Cutlass Calais, Oldsmobile Cutlass, Pontiac Grand Am
RelatedGM J platform
GM L platform
Powertrain
Engine(s)122 I4
Ecotec I4
Iron Duke I4
Family II engine I4
Quad-4 I4
60° V6
Buick V6
Transmission(s)3-speed THM125 automatic
3-speed 3T40 automatic
4-speed 4T60-E automatic
4-speed 4T40-E automatic
4-speed 4T45-E automatic
5-speed Getrag 282 manual
5-speed Getrag F23 manual
5-speed Isuzu manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase103.4 in (2,630 mm)
107 in (2,700 mm)
Chronology
PredecessorGM X platform
GM L platform
SuccessorGM Epsilon platform

First generationEdit

The N body was introduced in late 1984 for the 1985 model year. Initially, offered as the Pontiac Grand Am, Oldsmobile Calais and Buick Somerset coupes, GM positioned them as premium models at an affordable price. Standard in all models was the 2.5 liter "Iron Duke" 4 cylinder engine developed by the Pontiac Motor Division. Optional was the Buick built 3.0 liter V6 with multi-port fuel injection. All models could have a 5 speed manual or 3 speed automatic. During the 1986 model year, four door models were added to all three brand entries. The N platform was very similar to the GM L platform; however, the first generation N cars were engineered by Oldsmobile while the L cars were engineered by Chevrolet. The first generation used a twist-beam rear suspension and MacPherson struts in front, and featured a 103.4 in (2,626 mm) wheelbase.

The N platform was used for the following vehicles:[1]

Second generationEdit

For the 1992 model year, General Motors heavily modified all of their N-Body offerings. The Oldsmobile Cutlass Calais was dropped in favor of the new Achieva, while the Buick Skylark and Pontiac Grand Am nameplates continued. In addition to new styling, this generation was longer and carried more distinctive sheet metal for each brand. The second generation N-Body continued until 1998 when it was replaced by the third and final generation.

Third generation (GMX130)Edit

In 1997 and 1998 General Motors consolidated the 2nd generation N platform with the GM A platform (FWD) and GM L platform during the corporately-engineered P-90 project which became known as GMX130. This automotive platform featured fully independent suspension and a wheelbase of 107 in (270 cm). This was the last vehicle with significant engineering involvement of Oldsmobile and also the last one produced at the Lansing Car Assembly plant on April 29, 2004. A mid-size version spawned the 1997-2003 Chevrolet Malibu & Oldsmobile Cutlass of 1997-99, including the 2004-05 Chevrolet Classic.

The GMX130 platform underpinned the following vehicles:

The GMX130 was replaced by the Epsilon platform for 2006.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-11. Retrieved 2011-09-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)