Gürpınar (Kurdish: Payizawa/Xawesor, Armenian: Հայոց Ձոր, romanized: Hayots' Dzor) is a village and district of Van Province in Turkey. The administrative center is located 20 km (12 mi) south of the provincial capital Van. With an area of 4,700 km2, Gürpınar is the largest district of Turkey. It has 79 villages and several places of historical interest. Much of the residents of this area speak Kurmanji, the most commonly spoken dialect of the Kurdish language. The current mayor is Hayrullah Tanış from the Justice and Development Party (AKP). The current kaymakam Fatih Sayar was appointed in August 2019.
Hayots Dzor / Հայոց Ձոր
|• Mayor||Hayrullah Tanış (AKP)|
|• Kaymakam||Fatih Sayar|
|• District||4,130.30 km2 (1,594.72 sq mi)|
|• District density||9.5/km2 (25/sq mi)|
The area's old Armenian name is Hayots Dzor (Armenian: Հայոց Ձոր, meaning "Valley of the Armenians"). Its Kurdish name is Payizava; however, the Armenian-derived Xawesor is also used. The titular village of Gürpınar itself was also known to Armenians as Kghzi (Armenian: Կղզի, meaning "island", due to it being surrounded by the Shamiram Canal).
The village of Kghzi had 241 Armenian and 11 Kurdish inhabitants in 1909 (the wider region of Hayots Dzor was home to about 10,000 Armenians before the Armenian genocide). The Armenian population was massacred or displaced during the Armenian genocide; some of the inhabitants managed to flee and settle in Eastern Armenia.
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Adem Avcıkıran (2009). Kürtçe Anamnez Anamneza bi Kurmancî (PDF) (in Turkish and Kurdish). p. 57. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
- "Van Gürpınar Seçim Sonuçları - 31 Mart Van Gürpınar Yerel Seçim Sonuçları". secim.haberler.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-05-19.
- "Gürpınar Kaymakamı Fatih Sayar". www.gurpinar.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-05-19.
- Hakobyan, Tadevos Kh.; Melik-Bakhshyan, Stepan T.; Barseghyan, Hovhannes Kh. (1991). Հայաստանի և հարակից շրջանների տեղանունների բառարան [Dictionary of toponymy of Armenia and adjacent territories] (in Armenian). Vol. 3. Yerevan: Yerevan State University Publishing House. p. 158.