Günther Edmund Maul (May 7, 1909 in Frankfurt am Main – September 28, 1997 in Funchal) was a German ichthyologist and taxidermist in Portugal. Maul came to Madeira in December 1930 to work as taxidermist at Museu Municipal do Funchal, which opened to the public in 1933. He was appointed director for the museum in 1940, a post that he held to his retirement in 1979. He, however, continued his research until shortly before his death. He started two journals (Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal in 1945 and Bocagiana in 1959) and opened the museum's aquarium to the public in 1959. He also participated in several expeditions including with the French bathyscaphe Archimède in 1966 and organised the first multidisciplinary expedition to the Salvage Islands in 1963. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Madeira in 1995.
He described several species of fish (like Himantolophus albinares, Coryphaenoides thelestomus, Macruronus maderensis, Rouleina maderensis and Argyripnus atlanticus) and has at least three species and one genus of fish (Himantolophus mauli Bertelsen & Krefft, 1988, Pollichthys mauli (Poll, 1953) and Maulisia mauli Parr, 1960), one fossil owl (Otus mauli) and one moth (Acrolepiopsis mauli) named in his honour.
Biographical facts are taken from: Manuel José Biscoito, GÜNTHER EDMUND MAUL (Frankfurt, 1909 – Funchal, 1997)[dead link]
- See also Bocagiana and Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal Archived 2012-12-20 at the Wayback Machine.
- Maul Archived 2012-06-27 at WebCite on Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names by Hans G. Hansson.
- Rando, Juan Carlos; Pieper, Harald; Alcover, Josep Antoni; Olson, Storrs L. (2012). "A new species of extinct fossil scops owl (Aves: Strigiformes: Strigidae: Otus) from the Archipelago of Madeira (North Atlantic Ocean)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3182: 29–42. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-06-26. Retrieved 2012-10-19.: "Etymology: The new fossil owl species is named after Dr. honoris causa (1995) Günther Edmund Maul (7 May 1909 Frankfurt/M.– 28 Sept 1997 Funchal)..."
- Gaedike R., Karsholt O., 2001, Contribution to the Lepidoptera fauna of the Madeira Islands. Part 2. Tineidae, Acrolepiidae, Epermeniidae. Beiträge zur Entomologie 51: 163-213.
- Museu de História Natural do Funchal, in Portuguese.
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