Gülcemal Kadın

Gülcemal Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: کل جمال قادین; c. 1826 – 15 December 1851) was the sixth wife of Sultan Abdulmejid I, and the mother of Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire.[1]

Gülcemal Kadın
Bornc. 1826
Died15 December 1851(1851-12-15) (aged 24–25)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (present day Istanbul, Turkey)
Burial
Imperial ladies Mausoleum, New Mosque, Istanbul
Spouse
(m. 1840)
Issue
Names
Turkish: Gülcemal Kadın
Ottoman Turkish: کل جمال قادین
HouseOttoman (by marriage)
ReligionSunni Islam

Early lifeEdit

Of Bosnian origin,[2] Gülcemal Kadın was born in 1826.[3] She had one sister named Bimisal Hanım.[4][5] She was also related to Sabit Bey, who became Master of Robes to her son Sultan Mehmed Reşad, and his sister, the Sultan's Sixth Hazinedar, Nevfer Kalfa.[6][7]

MarriageEdit

Gülcemal married Abdulmejid in 1840, and was given the title of "Third Ikbal". On 1 November 1840, she gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Fatma Sultan in the Old Beşiktaş Palace.[8][9]

In 1842, she was elevated to the title of "Second Ikbal". On 3 February 1842, she gave birth to her second daughter, Refia Sultan in the Old Beşiktaş Palace.[10][9]

In 1843 she was elevated to the title of "Fifth Kadın". On 2 November 1844, she gave birth to her third child, a son, Şehzade Mehmed Reşad (future Mehmed V) in the Old Çırağan Palace. In 1845, she was elevated to the title of "Fourth Kadın".[11][9]

DeathEdit

She died of tuberculosis[3] on 15 December 1851 in Istanbul.[12][13] She was never Valide sultan to her son, because she died before Mehmed Reşad's accession to the Ottoman throne.[14] She is buried in the mausoleum of the imperial ladies at the New Mosque Istanbul.[3]

All the three of her children were adopted by Servetseza Kadın, first wife of Abdulmejid.[8][15]

LegacyEdit

The ocean liner SS Germanic (1874) was renamed Gul Djemal when she entered the Ottoman service in 1911, in memory of Gülcemal Kadın.[16] When the ship was sold yet again, this time to Turkiye Seyrisefain Idaresi, it was renamed Gulcemal.[17]

IssueEdit

Name Birth Death Notes
Fatma Sultan 1 November 1840[8][18][19] 26 August 1884[20][19] married twice, and had issue, one son and two daughters
Refia Sultan 7 February 1842[10][18][21] 4 January 1880[22][21] married once without issue
Mehmed V 2 November 1844[11][18][21] 3 July 1918[21] married five tines, and had issue, three sons and one daughter

In literatureEdit

  • Gülcemal is a character in Hıfzı Topuz's historical novel Abdülmecit: İmparatorluk Çökerken Sarayda 22 Yıl: Roman (2009).[23]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ John Freely (2001). Inside the Seraglio: private lives of the sultans in Istanbul. Penguin.
  2. ^ Açba, Leyla; Açba, Harun (2004). Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hatıraları. L & M. p. 126. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7.
  3. ^ a b c Brookes 2010, p. 282.
  4. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 242.
  5. ^ Leyla Saz; Sedat Demir (4 January 2016). Haremde Yaşam: Saray ve Harem Hatıraları. DBY Yayınları. p. 113. ISBN 978-605-61331-1-4.
  6. ^ Brookes, Douglas S. (February 4, 2020). On the Sultan's Service: Halid Ziya Uşaklıgil's Memoir of the Ottoman Palace, 1909–1912. Indiana University Press. pp. 58 n. 13. ISBN 978-0-253-04553-9.
  7. ^ Brookes 2010, p. 239.
  8. ^ a b c Uluçay 2011, p. 218.
  9. ^ a b c Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 589.
  10. ^ a b Uluçay 2011, p. 220.
  11. ^ a b Uluçay 2011, p. 209.
  12. ^ Finkel, Caroline, Osman's Dream, (Basic Books, 2005), 57; "Istanbul was only adopted as the city's official name in 1930..".
  13. ^ Kolay, Arif (2017). Osmanlı Saray Hayatından Bir Kesit: Ali Akyıldız ve Mümin ve Müsrif Bir Padişah Kızı Refia Sultan. p. 680.
  14. ^ "Sultan V. Mehmed Reşad Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06.
  15. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 604-5.
  16. ^ Mukherjee, Somenath; Ashrama, Advaita. The Ships of Swami Vivekananda. Advaita Ashrama (A publication branch of Ramakrishna Math, Belur Math). ISBN 978-8-175-05904-7.
  17. ^ Clarkson, Andrew. "SS Germanic". titanic-titanic.com. Archived from the original on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  18. ^ a b c Paşa 1960, p. 144.
  19. ^ a b Brookes 2010, p. 281.
  20. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 219.
  21. ^ a b c d Brookes 2010, p. 288.
  22. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 221.
  23. ^ Hıfzı Topuz (2009). Abdülmecit: İmparatorluk Çökerken Sarayda 22 Yıl: Roman. Remzi Kitabevi. p. 40. ISBN 978-975-14-1357-4.

SourcesEdit

  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu Mülkün Kadın Sultanları: Vâlide Sultanlar, Hâtunlar, Hasekiler, Kandınefendiler, Sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-6-051-71079-2.
  • Uluçay, M. Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.
  • Brookes, Douglas Scott (2010). The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.
  • Paşa, Ahmed Cevdet (1960). Tezâkir. [2]. 13 - 20, Volume 2. Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.