Génocidaires (French pronunciation: ​[ʒenɔsidɛʁ], 'those who commit genocide') are Rwandans who are guilty of genocide due to their involvement in the mass killings which were perpetrated in Rwanda during the 1994 Rwandan genocide, in which 800 000 Rwandans, primarily Tutsis and moderate Hutu, were murdered by the Interahamwe. In the aftermath of the genocide, Rwandans who organized and led the genocide were put on trial at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.[1] Those guilty of lesser crimes, such as participation, profiting through seizing Tutsi property, and the like, were put on trial in gacaca courts.

More broadly, the term is also used in reference to any perpetrator of genocide. David Cesarani uses it in the context of the Holocaust.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.
  2. ^ Eichmann: His Life and Crimes (London: Heinemann, 2004), p. 98, 357.


  • Jessee, Erin. "Beyond Perpetrators: Complex Political Actors Surrounding the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda". In Smeulers, Alette; Weerdesteijn, Maartje; Hola, Barbora (eds.). Perpetrators of International Crimes: Theories, Methods, and Evidence. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-882999-7.