Freies Deutsches Hochstift

The Freies Deutsches Hochstift (Free German Foundation) is an association based in Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany, whose main focuses are the supervision of the Frankfurt Goethe House and Deutsches Romantik-Museum, producing critical editions of literary works, and holding lectures, exhibitions and concerts. The Hochstift owns an extensive collection of manuscripts, letters and paintings from the period of German Romanticism.

Freies Deutsches Hochstift
Freies Deutsches Hochstift Logo.svg
Logo as of August 2022
Formation10 November 1859; 162 years ago (1859-11-10)
FounderOtto Volger
FocusSupervision of the Frankfurt Goethe House and Deutsches Romantik-Museum
Location
Director
Anne Bohnenkamp-Renken [de]
Websitefreies-deutsches-hochstift.de

HistoryEdit

 
1859 seal with the black, red and gold colours of the Frankfurt Parliament
 
Goethe House in Frankfurt in 2011

The Freies Deutsches Hochstift für Wissenschaften, Künste und allgemeine Bildung (Free German Foundation for Science, Arts and General Education) was founded on 10 November 1859,[1] the 100th birthday of Friedrich Schiller, by 56 people, most of whom were citizens of Frankfurt. The initiator was Otto Volger, a lecturer of geology at the Senckenberg Nature Research Society from Lüneburg, who was involved in the 1848 revolution. Volger founded the Hochstift to be a ""Bundestag" of the German spirit",[2] a place where those who held the pan-German ideas of the 1848 revolution were to find a spiritual and cultural home.[3] Volger acquired the Goethe House, the birthplace of the poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, for the Hochstift in 1863.[4]

When the Goethe University Frankfurt was established in 1914, the university took over the association's adult education activities.[5] The restoration of the Goethe House to its 18th century condition was completed in 1926.[4] The Goethe House was destroyed during the air raids on Frankfurt am Main in 1944 and was restored by the painter and architect Theo Kellner [de] after the Second World War. The previous interior and contents were removed in good time and were retained.[4]

The association has published Jahrbuch des Freien Deutschen Hochstifts (Yearbook of the Free German Foundation) Since the year 1884/85. The journal was called Berichte des Freien Deutschen Hochstifts (Reports of the Free German Foundation) until 1902.[6]

On the 150th anniversary of its founding on 28 August 2009, the Freies Deutsches Hochstift changed its name to Frankfurter Goethe-Haus – Freies Deutsches Hochstift, in order to be able to use both parts of the name independently in the future.[7]

In 2021 the Hochstift opened the Deutsches Romantik-Museum in a building next to the Goethe House to display its collections of material related to German Romanticism.[8]

Today, the Hochstift runs a poets' archive, an art collection and a research library. As of 2022 the association is working on critical editions of Goethe's Faust and of the works of Clemens Brentano and Hugo von Hofmannsthal.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hendrix, Harald (2012). Writers' Houses and the Making of Memory. Taylor & Francis. pp. 53–56. ISBN 978-1-135-90805-8.
  2. ^ Adler 1959, p. 21.
  3. ^ Sakurai, Ayako (28 July 2015). Science and Societies in Frankfurt am Main. Taylor & Francis. pp. 95–101. ISBN 978-1-317-31981-8.
  4. ^ a b c Stumm, Alexander (2017). Architektonische Konzepte der Rekonstruktion. Birkhäuser. pp. 161–166. ISBN 978-3-0356-1349-0.
  5. ^ Kretschmann, Carsten (2009). Räume öffnen sich Naturhistorische Museen im Deutschland des 19. Jahrhunderts. De Gruyter. p. 251. ISBN 978-3-05-004782-9.
  6. ^ Reallexikon der deutschen Literaturgeschichte. Vol. 1: a-k. De Gruyter. 29 May 2012. p. xi. ISBN 978-3-11-087956-8.
  7. ^ Balke, Florian. "Deutsches Hochstift: Gerade in Zeiten der Krise sollte man träumen". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Deutsches Romantik-Museum. "Die Realisation einer historischen Chance"". journal-frankfurt.de. 27 August 2021. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  9. ^ "Homepage". Freies Deutsches Hochstift. Retrieved 17 July 2022.

SourcesEdit

  • Adler, Fritz (1959). Freies Deutsches Hochstift. Seine Geschichte 1859-1885 (in German).

External linksEdit