Freedom Park is a memorial and leisure park area in the middle of downtown Lagos in Lagos Island, Nigeria which was formerly Her Majesty's Broad Street Prison. It was designed by the architect Theo Lawson as a speculative project under the CIA-Lagos (formerly the Creative Intelligence Agency and now the Cultural Intellectual Association) in 1999.[1]

Freedom Park
Tree Growing on Fence of Freedom Park
TypePublic park
LocationLagos Island
Coordinates6°26′56″N 3°23′47″E / 6.4489°N 3.3965°E / 6.4489; 3.3965
Operated byLagos State Parks and Gardens Agency

The park was constructed to preserve the history and cultural heritage of Nigerians. Monuments in the park reveal the Lagos colonial heritage and history of Her Majesty's Broad Street prisons. It was built to commemorate the 50th anniversary independence celebration in October 2010. The park serves as a National Memorial, a Historical landmark, a Cultural site, Arts and Recreation centre. [citation needed]

The park, when it was a prison hosted some political activists who fought for Nigeria's independence.[2]

The park, which is now a serene abode for individuals, visitors' collective contemplation and interaction is open to the public every day. Today, Freedom Park has become a venue for diverse social events and recreational entertainment.[3][4]



Broad Street Prison was established after Britain made Lagos a Colony in 1861 (see Lagos Treaty of Cession).[5] The initial prison structure was built in 1882 with mud walls and grass thatch but did not last long because of sabotage from colonial government opponents. According to Theo Lawson, architect of Freedom Park, opponents of British colonialism in Lagos "kept throwing fire into it and setting it ablaze and so then in 1885 the colonial government imported bricks from England and rebuilt the prison".[5] The colonial government's expense on the prison in 1882 (£16,000) revealed the government's priority on law and order versus other initiatives such as education which the government spent £700 on.[5] The Colonial report for 1898 indicates that 676 males, 26 females, and 11 juveniles were imprisoned at Broad Street prison for the year.

Broad Street Prison was pulled down in 1979 and was reduced to a dumping ground until the 1990s when plans were drawn up to transform the site into a creative space.[5]

The original walls of the prison was preserved and serves as perimeter fence of the park
Landscape view at Freedom Park

Notable prisoners at Broad Street Prison



  1. ^ "About Us – CIA Lagos". Retrieved 1 March 2023.
  2. ^ "20 years journey to making of Freedom Park". The Guardian Nigeria News – Nigeria and World News. 8 March 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Basic facts about the Freedom Park". The Pulse. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  4. ^ "Freedom Park". Tripadvisor.
  5. ^ a b c d "How Nigeria turned Her Majesty's prison into a place of pleasure". BBC News. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2016.