Free ideal ring
In mathematics, especially in the field of ring theory, a (right) free ideal ring, or fir, is a ring in which all right ideals are free modules with unique rank. A ring such that all right ideals with at most n generators are free and have unique rank is called an n-fir. A semifir is a ring in which all finitely generated right ideals are free modules of unique rank. (Thus, a ring is semifir if it is n-fir for all n ≥ 0.) The semifir property is left-right symmetric, but the fir property is not.
Properties and examplesEdit
It turns out that a left and right fir is a domain. Furthermore, a commutative fir is precisely a principal ideal domain, while a commutative semifir is precisely a Bézout domain. These last facts are not generally true for noncommutative rings, however (Cohn 1971).
Since all right ideals of a right fir are free, they are projective. So, any right fir is a right hereditary ring, and likewise a right semifir is a right semihereditary ring. Because projective modules over local rings are free, and because local rings have invariant basis number, it follows that a local, right hereditary ring is a right fir, and a local, right semihereditary ring is a right semifir.
Unlike a principal right ideal domain, a right fir is not necessarily right Noetherian, however in the commutative case, R is a Dedekind domain since it is a hereditary domain, and so is necessarily Noetherian.
- Cohn, P. M. (1971), "Free ideal rings and free products of rings", Actes du Congrès International des Mathématiciens (Nice, 1970), 1, Gauthier-Villars, pp. 273–278, MR 0506389, archived from the original on 2017-11-25, retrieved 2010-11-26
- Cohn, P. M. (2006), Free ideal rings and localization in general rings, New Mathematical Monographs, 3, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-85337-8, MR 2246388
- Cohn, P. M. (1985), Free rings and their relations, London Mathematical Society Monographs, 19 (2nd ed.), Boston, MA: Academic Press, ISBN 978-0-12-179152-0, MR 0800091
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- "Free ideal ring", Encyclopedia of Mathematics, EMS Press, 2001 
- Cohn, P.M. (1995), Skew fields. Theory of general division rings, Encyclopedia of Mathematics and Its Applications, 57, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-43217-0, Zbl 0840.16001