Frederik Holst (physician)

Frederik Holst (14 August 1791 – 4 June 1871) was a Norwegian medical doctor. He is regarded as an important pioneer in medicine in Norway. [1]

Frederik Holst


Holst was born at Holmestrand in Vestfold, Norway. He was the son of merchant Hans Holst (1763-1846) and Inger Christine Backer (1765-1850).

He completed his examen artium at Oslo Cathedral School in 1810. He studied at the University of Copenhagen and earned his medical diploma based upon his doctoral thesis about the then common and now extinct skin disease "Radesyke" (1817).[2][3][4]

He was appointed city physician in Christiania (now Oslo) from 1817. He was Professor of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Hygiene at the University of Christiania (now University of Oslo) from 1824 until 1865. His works had significant influence on the treatment of prisoners and of patients with mental disorders. Together with Michael Skjelderup, he started and published Eyrt, the first Norwegian medical journal (1826). In 1831, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He was one of the founders of the Norwegian Medical Society in Oslo (1833). [5]

Personal lifeEdit

He became the knight of Order of St. Olav (1847), Commander of St. Olav's Order (1865) and Commander of the Order of the Polar Star. In 1824, he married Dorothea Christierne Steffens (1805-1866). Holst was the grandfather of the linguist Clara Holst and professor Axel Holst. [6][7]


  1. ^ Svein Atle Skålevåg. "Frederik Holst". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  2. ^ Svein Atle Skålevåg. "radesyke". Store medisinske leksikon. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  3. ^ Steinar Qvenild Andersen (2005). "Norges første doktorgrad" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2008-03-29. Retrieved 2008-11-30.
  4. ^ Claus Pavels (1812–1822). "Dagbøker 1812 - 1822" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-11-30.
  5. ^ Øivind Larsen. "Frederik Holst". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
  6. ^ Jahr, Ernst Håkon (2001). "Clara Holst". In Helle, Knut (ed.). Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). 4 (2nd ed.). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
  7. ^ Per Holck. "Axel Holst". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved February 1, 2018.