Frederick Stratten Russell

Sir Frederick Stratten Russell DSC DFC FRS[1] (3 November 1897 – 5 June 1984) was an English marine biologist.

Frederick Stratten Russell
Born(1897-11-03)3 November 1897
Died5 June 1984(1984-06-05) (aged 86)
Alma materCambridge University
AwardsLinnean Medal (1961)
Fellow of the Royal Society[1]
Scientific career
Fieldsmarine biology
InstitutionsMarine Biological Association

Russell was born in Bridport, Dorset, and studied at Gonville and Caius College, at the University of Cambridge. From 1924 he worked for the Marine Biological Association in Plymouth, becoming its director in 1945. He was elected to the Royal Society in 1938, was awarded the Linnean Medal in 1961, and knighted in 1965. The National Marine Biological Library at the Marine Biological Association retains much of Russell's scientific and personal papers for the period 1921-1984.[2]

Russell studied the life histories and distribution of plankton. He also discovered a means of distinguishing between different species of fish shortly after they have hatched. He was the author of The Medusae of the British Isles (1953–1970). He served in both World Wars, being awarded, among others, the Distinguished Flying Cross.

He was the father of W. M. S. Russell.


  1. ^ a b Denton, E. J.; Southward, A. J. (1986). "Frederick Stratten Russell. 3 November 1897-5 June 1984". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 32: 463–493. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1986.0015. JSTOR 770120.
  2. ^ Sir Frederick Stratten Russell F.R.S. MBA Archive Collection