Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

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Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, called the Pious (German: Friedrich II Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin; 9 November 1717 – 21 April 1785) was Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1756 until his death.

Frederick II
Georg David Matthieu 002.jpg
Portrait of Duke Frederick II by
Georg David Matthieu, 1772
Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Reign30 May 1756 – 21 April 1785
PredecessorChristian Ludwig II
SuccessorFriedrich Franz I
Born(1717-11-09)9 November 1717
Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Died21 April 1785(1785-04-21) (aged 67)
Ludwigslust, Mecklenburg-Schwerin
SpouseDuchess Louise Frederica of Württemberg
German: Friedrich
HouseHouse of Mecklenburg
FatherChristian Ludwig II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
MotherDuchess Gustave Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Early lifeEdit

Frederick was born at Schwerin, the son of Christian Ludwig II, Duke of Mecklenburg, and his wife, Duchess Gustave Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

In his childhood and youth his great-aunt Duchess Augusta of Mecklenburg-Schwerin had great influence on the intellectual and spiritual development of Frederick, essentially in instilling the beliefs of Pietism.

Duke of Mecklenburg-SchwerinEdit

After the death of his father in 1756, Frederick assumed the government of the Duchy.[1] Shortly after his accession the country was involved in the Seven Years' War.

Frederick, was a supporter of Pietism. He encouraged the school system, promoted the textile manufacturing and abolished torture. In 1764 he moved his residence from Schwerin to Schloss Ludwigslust. In 1765 he ordered the construction of the Imperial Church (completed in 1770, now the City Church) by architect Johann Joachim Busch, and he continued the expansion of Schloss Ludwigslust between 1772 and 1776.


Frederick married on 2 March 1746 at Schwedt to Duchess Louise Frederica of Württemberg, daughter of Frederick Louis, Hereditary Prince of Württemberg, and his wife Margravine Henriette Marie of Brandenburg-Schwedt. They had four children, who died young.

At his death, the dukedom was inherited by his nephew Frederick Francis, a son of his brother Louis.



  1. ^ Thomas Nugent (1768). Travels through Germany: containing observations on customs, manners, religion, government, commerce, arts, and antiquities; with a particular account of the Courts of Mecklenburg in a series of letters to a friend. Printed for E. and C. Dilly. pp. 232–.
  2. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 82.
  • Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser, Reference: 1956
  • Het Groothertogelijk Huis Mecklenburg, Bergen-op-Zoom, 1901–1902, Juten, W. J. F., Reference: 106
Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Born: 9 November 1717 Died: 21 April 1785
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Christian Ludwig II
Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Succeeded by
Frederick Francis I