Franz Joseph von Bülow

Franz Vollrath Carl Wilhelm Joseph von Bülow (11 September 1861 – 18 October 1915) was a German author, soldier and homosexual activist.

Franz Joseph von Bülow
Franz Joseph von Bülow.jpg
Bülow in 1895
Born(1861-09-11)11 September 1861
Died18 October 1915(1915-10-18) (aged 54)
NationalityGerman
Occupation(s)author, soldier
Years activebefore 1890–1900s
OrganizationScientific-Humanitarian Committee
Known forhomosexual activism
Spouse
Konstanze Beust
(m. 1898⁠–⁠1899)
Parents
  • Bernhard Vollrath von Bülow (father)
  • Paula von Bülow (mother)

LifeEdit

Franz Vollrath Carl Wilhelm Joseph von Bülow was born on 11 September 1861 in Frankfurt am Main of Imperial Germany. Bülow's father was Bernhard Vollrath von Bülow, chamberlain of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and envoy to the German Confederation's Bundesversammlung in Frankfurt am Main, while his mother was Paula, née von Linden. Bülow attended high schools in Schwerin and Waren for his studies. Following that, he completed cadet schools at Plön and Gross-Lichterfelde. Bülow had advanced to the rank of lieutenant by 1890. In the same year, he left the service and joined the South West Africa Company in the German colonial South West Africa. In the years that followed, he authored a book on his experiences in German South West Africa and Cecil Rhodes' politics, as well as the Herero and Namaqua genocide. Bülow was blinded by a gunshot wound and therefore returned to Germany. He married divorced Countess Konstanze Beust, née von Goldacker, in 1898, but they divorced a year later.[1][2][3]

According to Magnus Hirschfeld, Bülow was one of the co-founders of the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee in Berlin, together with Magnus Hirschfeld, Eduard Oberg, and Max Spohr. Bülow moved to Venice in 1900, where homosexuality was legal, unlike in Germany. He lived near San Polo on the Grand Canal at the Palazzo Tiepolo. Bülow left Venice with the outbreak of World War I and returned to Germany, where he died on 18 October 1915, in Dresden.[1][2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Tabel, Werner (1976). "Erlebnisschilderungen von Soldaten und Siedlern aus der Kolonial- und Mandatszeit Südwestafrikas". Afrikanischer Heimatkalender 1976 (in German). Windhoek: Verlag Afrikanischer Heimatkalender. p. 85–120.
  2. ^ a b Hergemöller, Bernd-Ulrich (1998). Biographisches Lexikon zur Geschichte von Freundesliebe und mannmännlicher Sexualität im deutschen Sprachraum (in German). Hamburg: MännerschwarmSkript Verlag. p. 161–162. ISBN 3928983652.
  3. ^ a b Kruse, Jens (2007). Reiseberichte aus den deutschen Kolonien: Das Bild vom "Eingeborenen" in Reiseberichten der deutschen Kolonialzeit 1884–1918 (in German). GRIN-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-638-70704-6.