Franz Burda (24 February 1903 – 30 September 1986) was a German publisher. He inherited his father's publishing business, which he developed into what is now the Hubert Burda Media conglomerate.[1]

Aenne & Franz Burda (1931)
Franz Burda (left) with Romy Schneider, Willy Brandt and Ilona Grübel (1971)

Early life and familyEdit

Burda was born in Philippsburg. He received his doctorate in 1927, at the University of Erlangen with an economic history of the development work of the Baden-products markets. He married fashion publisher Aenne Burda ne Lemminger on 9 July 1931 and was the father of three sons, Franz, the art collector Frieder, and Hubert, the heir to the publishing empire.

Business during World War IIEdit

From 1934 to 1937 Burda was a member of the paramilitary National Socialist Motor Corps. His biographer has characterised his involvement with Nazism as essentially commercial and pragmatic, rather than ideological. In 1933 he stated publicly that his business did not have any Jewish employees or co-owners, although he would have privately known that statement to be untrue, having intervened on behalf of the Jewish wife of one of his employees.[2]

He developed his family's small printing business into a large media conglomerate.[3] He benefited from "Aryanization" of Jewish property by the Nazi government when in 1938 Burda and partners acquired Großdruckerei, Papiergroßhandlung und Papierwarenwerk Akademiestraße Gebrüder Bauer in Mannheim.[4] Its owner Berthold Reiss and fellow shareholders were Jews, and so they were forced to sell the business under Nazi "Aryanization" laws.[5][6]

After the acquisition, Burda invited Reiss to stay on at the company to help manage the transition. Reiss’s son Hans would later write that the pair established a good working relationship, despite the circumstances of the acquisition. Burda interjected on Reiss' behalf when the latter was interned as part of Kristallnacht. The Burda and Reiss families developed a friendship after 1945.[2][7]

Burda avoided military service himself by obtaining a contract printing maps for the military and using his connections. His antisemitic views were evident also in the 1950s.[8]

Postwar eraEdit

After 1945, Burda was allowed to publish again. For the French occupation authorities, he printed stamps and school books. In 1948, against the will of many French officers, he managed to bring on the market the magazine Das Ufer ('The shore' or 'The river bank'), the forerunner of the popular magazine later called Bunte. It helped him that he was friends with a particular officer, Raymond Schmittlein, the press chief of the zone, who arranged for the license to be issued in the name of a female friend of Schmittlein's – a 'straw woman,' as it were.[9]

Burda died in Offenburg at the age of 83 after relinquishing control of Hubert Burda Media to his three sons.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Burda Holding GmbH. & Co. - Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Burda Holding GmbH. & Co". www.referenceforbusiness.com. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b "City Archive Offenburg". Museum-offenburg.de.
  3. ^ Peter Köpf: Die Burdas. Europa Verlag Berlin, Hamburg 2002, ISBN 3-203-79145-5, p. 42.
  4. ^ Ralf Burgmaier (22 October 2015). "Versöhnung ging nur mit Überlebenden". Badische Zeitung. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  5. ^ Peter Köpf (2002). Die Burdas. Hamburg: Europa Verlag. p. 50. ISBN 3-203-79145-5.
  6. ^ Rundschau, Frankfurter. "Ein Forschungsreisender des Lebens". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  7. ^ Dahmen, Ute (2009). Senator Dr. Franz Burda. Geschichten eines Lebens. Petrarca. ISBN 978-3-87115-007-4.
  8. ^ Andreas Lörcher: Antisemitismus in der öffentlichen Debatte der späten fünfziger Jahre. Mikrohistorische Studie und Diskursanalyse des Falls Zind. Dissertation, University of Freiburg, 2008, p. 158.
  9. ^ Peter Köpf (22 February 2003). Der herrliche Franz. die tageszeitung. Retrieved 10 June 2010.
  10. ^ AP (2 October 1986). "Franz Burda, Publisher, Dies; Built European Print Empire". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 25 December 2017.