Frank McGee (journalist)
McGee in 1962
|Born||September 12, 1921|
Monroe, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||April 17, 1974 (aged 52)|
|Alma mater||University of Oklahoma|
|NBC Nightly News|
The Today Show
|Spouse(s)||Nialta Sue Beaird McGee|
Life and careerEdit
Born in Monroe in Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, and raised in Norman, Oklahoma, McGee's father was an oil field worker. He joined the Oklahoma National Guard in 1940, and served in the U.S. Army in World War II, then attended the University of California and the University of Oklahoma. He began his broadcast news career at KGFF in Shawnee, Oklahoma, in 1946 then moved to WKY-TV (now KFOR-TV) in Oklahoma City. In 1955, the owners of WKY purchased WSFA-TV in Montgomery, Alabama, and sent McGee there as news director. WSFA was an affiliate of NBC. As the Civil Rights Movement gained national coverage, McGee's work came to the notice of NBC, which offered him a position with the network. He went on to become "one of television's most prominent newsmen."
McGee was a floor correspondent for the national conventions of both political parties in 1960, 1964, and 1968, one member of the so-called "Four Horsemen" that included NBC newsmen John Chancellor, Edwin Newman, and Sander Vanocur. In 1960, he narrated the second debate between presidential candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon on October 7 in Washington, D.C.. At that time, the debates were considered by the news media to have swung the election in favor of Kennedy among voters who watched them on television. For the small number of rural residents who listened on radio, the influence was mixed.
McGee had a great talent for descriptive language, often giving viewers a vivid word picture of the day's events. When NBC News colleague Chet Huntley broke the news of the assassination of President Kennedy, McGee appeared in the studio with Huntley and Bill Ryan. Correspondent Robert MacNeil reported by telephone from Dallas, but the flash studio in New York was not equipped to put telephone calls on the air. This was eventually accomplished, but for the first hour, MacNeil spoke to McGee over the telephone, and McGee then repeated MacNeil's report to the viewing audience. During MacNeil's report that the president had died, his comments were finally heard over the air, but McGee, unaware of the change, repeated them anyway. The veteran journalist remained on duty for 45 hours with little rest, reporting without a script. McGee was also on the air in 1968 when word came that Senator Robert F. Kennedy, the late president's brother, had been shot in Los Angeles following the California primary, and he calmly anchored the network's breaking news coverage.
In the early 1960s, he also served as a news reporter and host (referred to as "communicators") on the NBC Radio weekend show Monitor. He is most noted for his interview on that program with Martin Luther King, Jr. and for asking him how he felt about being targeted for assassination. King calmly told McGee he had given serious thought of the possibility. McGee also was a featured anchor during NBC's coverage of the early U.S. manned space program.
In 1967, McGee lived with members of the 101st Airborne Division in Vietnam for almost a month to report a well-received documentary, Same Mud, Same Blood, about black soldiers in Vietnam. McGee was perhaps best known in the middle and late 1960s for hosting The Frank McGee Report, seen early Saturday and Sunday evenings. The half-hour program generally gave more attention to one or more topics than a regular newscast, sometimes employing a full documentary format. In 1969, NBC began a traditional Saturday evening newscast, and in 1970, a Sunday version, both of which replaced The Report. McGee, however, often anchored those weekend newscasts. For several months in 1970, McGee also anchored WNBC-TV's local 6 p.m. newscast.
In 1970, after Huntley's retirement ended the Huntley-Brinkley Report, McGee became one of a platoon of three anchors on the newly renamed NBC Nightly News, along with Chancellor and David Brinkley. When the network settled on Chancellor as permanent anchor the next year, McGee moved to The Today Show in 1971, replacing Hugh Downs, who had hosted the program since 1962. McGee moved Today into a more serious news presentation, insisting on opening and closing the show by himself while sharing other duties with co-host Barbara Walters. He also insisted that he, and not Walters, ask guests the first three questions if both of them were doing an interview, according to Walters.
McGee last appeared on Today on April 11, 1974, six days before his death at the age of 52 from complications from multiple myeloma, a type of bone cancer. Following that last show, he checked himself into Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York; his immune system was weakened by chemotherapy and radiation treatment, and he died of an overwhelming pneumonia. He was succeeded by another Oklahoma native, Jim Hartz, who co-hosted the show with Walters until 1976, when Tom Brokaw and Jane Pauley arrived.
McGee and his wife Sue (1921–2002) are buried at Saint Paul's Episcopal Churchyard in Woodville, Virginia.
- YouTube – Frank McGee signing off for NBC News, on November 22, 1963
- "NBC 'Today' host McGee dies at 52". Lewiston Daily Sun. Maine. Associated Press. April 18, 1974. p. 1.
- "Frank McGee, 'Today' show host, dies". Beaver County Times. Pennsylvania. UPI. April 17, 1974. p. A4.
- "Frank's made it: a steady job". Sumter Daily Item. South Carolina. TV Item. December 19, 1970. p. 2.
- Laurent, Lawrence (July 25, 1971). "Frank McGee hallmarks: calmness and integrity". Tuscaloosa News. Alabama. (Washington Post). p. B8.
- "Obituaries." TIME. 1974-04-29.
- Cornell, Douglas B. (October 8, 1960). "Nixon, Kennedy in word duel". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. p. 1.
- "Frank McGee Report". Eugene Register-Guard. Oregon. March 6, 1966. p. 8B.
- "Frank McGee replaces Hugh Downs, Today'". Sumter Daily Item. South Carolina. TV Item. May 8, 1971. p. 12.
- Walters, Barbara (2008). Audition. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 205.
- Eric Mink, Laurie Dolphin (ed.), and Christian Brown (ed.), This Is Today: A Window on Our Times (2003), Andrews McMeel Publishing, p. 68.
Hugh Downs with Barbara Walters
| Today Show Host with Barbara Walters
October 4, 1971–April 16, 1974
Chet Huntley and David Brinkley (as the Huntley-Brinkley Report)
| NBC evening news anchors (as the NBC Nightly News)
Co-Anchor with John Chancellor and David Brinkley