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Francis John Welsh Whipple

Francis John Welsh Whipple (17 March 1876 – 25 September 1943) was an English mathematician and meteorologist. From 1925 to 1939 he was superintendent of the Kew Observatory.



Whipple attended the Merchant Taylors' School and obtained a scholarship at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1895; he was placed Second Wrangler in the Mathematical Tripos of 1897.

In 1899, he showed that bicycles could be self stable.[1][2][3]

From 1899-1912 he was Assistant Master at Merchant Taylors' School, and he worked at the Meteorological Office from 1912-1925.[4] He served as president of the Royal Meteorological Society from 1936 to 1937.[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ J. D. G. Kooijman; J. P. Meijaard; J. M. Papadopoulos; A. Ruina; A. L. Schwab (April 15, 2011). "A bicycle can be self-stable without gyrosocpic or caster effects" (PDF). Science. 332 (6027): 339–342. Bibcode:2011Sci...332..339K. doi:10.1126/science.1201959. Retrieved 2011-04-16.
  2. ^ Roger Highfield (Jun 2007). "The mathematical way to ride a bike". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2011-04-16.
  3. ^ J. P. Meijaard; J. M. Papadopoulos; A. Ruina; A. L. Schwab (2007). "Linearized dynamics equations for the balance and steer of a bicycle: a benchmark and review" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society A. 463 (2084): 1955–1982. Bibcode:2007RSPSA.463.1955M. doi:10.1098/rspa.2007.1857.
  4. ^ "Whipple, Francis John Welsh (WHPL894FJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  5. ^ "List of Presidents". Royal Meteorological Society. Retrieved 20 December 2010.

External linksEdit

  • W. N., Bailey (1943). "Francis John Welsh Whipple". Journal of the London Mathematical Society. s1-18 (4): 249. doi:10.1112/jlms/s1-18.4.249. Obituary of Francis John Welsh Whipple by W. N. Bailey: J. London Math. Soc., October 1943; s1-18: 249 - 256