This article relies excessively on references to primary sources. (January 2012)
The Royal Meteorological Society is a long-established institution that promotes academic and public engagement in weather and climate science. Fellows of the Society must possess relevant qualifications, but Associate Fellows can be lay enthusiasts. Its Quarterly Journal is one of the world's leading sources of original research in the atmospheric sciences. The chief executive officer is Liz Bentley.
|Established||3 April 1850 (173 years ago)|
|Founders||John Lee, James Glaisher, Samuel Charles Whitbread|
|Types||learned society, open-access publisher|
|Coordinates||51°27′19″N 0°58′50″W / 51.45520991°N 0.98063042°WCoordinates: 51°27′19″N 0°58′50″W / 51.45520991°N 0.98063042°W|
|Affiliations||European Meteorological Society, Science Council, National Council for Voluntary Organisations, International Forum for Meteorological Societies|
|Revenue||1,106,097 pound sterling (2020)|
|Volunteers||276 (2016, 2017)|
The Royal Meteorological Society traces its origins back to 3 April 1850 when the British Meteorological Society was formed as "a society the objects of which should be the advancement and extension of meteorological science by determining the laws of climate and of meteorological phenomena in general". Along with nine others, including James Glaisher, John Drew, Edward Joseph Lowe, The Revd Joseph Bancroft Reade, and Samuel Charles Whitbread, Dr John Lee, an astronomer, of Hartwell House, near Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire founded in the library of his house the British Meteorological Society, which became the Royal Meteorological Society. It became The Meteorological Society in 1866, when it was incorporated by Royal Charter, and the Royal Meteorological Society in 1883, when Her Majesty Queen Victoria granted the privilege of adding 'Royal' to the title. Along with 74 others, the famous meteorologist Luke Howard joined the original 15 members of the Society at its first ordinary meeting on 7 May 1850. As of 2008 it has more than 3,000 members worldwide. The chief executive of the Society is Professor Liz Bentley. Paul Hardaker previously served as chief executive from 2006 to 2012.
There are four membership categories:
- Honorary Fellow
- Fellow (FRMetS)
- Associate Fellow
- Corporate member
The society regularly awards a number of medal and prizes, of which the Symons Gold Medal (established in 1901) and the Mason Gold Medal (established in 2006) are pre-eminent. The two medals are awarded alternately.
Other awards include the Buchan Prize, the Hugh Robert Mill Award, the L F Richardson Prize, the Michael Hunt Award, the Fitzroy Prize, the Gordon Manley Weather Prize, the International Journal of Climatology Prize, the Society Outstanding Service Award and the Vaisala Award.
The society has a number of regular publications:
- Atmospheric Science Letters: a monthly magazine that provides a peer reviewed publication route for new shorter contributions in the field of atmospheric and closely related sciences.
- Weather: a monthly magazine with many full colour illustrations and photos for specialists and general readers with an interest in meteorology. It uses a minimum of mathematics and technical language.
- Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society: as one of the world's leading journals for meteorology publishes original research in the atmospheric sciences. There are eight issues per year.
- Meteorological Applications: this is a journal for applied meteorologists, forecasters and users of meteorological services and has been published since 1994. It is aimed at a general readership and authors are asked to take this into account when preparing papers.
- International Journal of Climatology: has 15 issues a year and covers a broad spectrum of research in climatology.
- WIREs Climate Change: a journal about climate change
- Geoscience Data Journal: an online, open-access journal.
All publications are available online but a subscription is required for some. However certain "classic" papers are freely available on the Society's website.
Local centres and special interest groupsEdit
The society has several local centres across the UK.
There are also a number of special interest groups which organise meetings and other activities to facilitate exchange of information and views within specific areas of meteorology. These are informal groups of professionals interested in specific technical areas of the profession of meteorology. The groups are primarily a way of communicating at a specialist level.
- 1850–1853: Samuel Charles Whitbread, first time
- 1853–1855: George Leach
- 1855–1857: John Lee FRS
- 1857–1858: Robert Stephenson MP FRS
- 1859–1860: Thomas Sopwith FRS
- 1861–1862: Nathaniel Beardmore
- 1863–1864: Robert Dundas Thomson FRS, died in office
- 1864: Samuel Charles Whitbread FRS, second time
- 1865–1866: Charles Brooke FRS
- 1867–1868: James Glaisher FRS
- 1869–1870: Charles Vincent Walker FRS
- 1871–1872: John William Tripe
- 1873–1875: Robert James Mann
- 1876–1877: Henry Storks Eaton
- 1878–1879: Charles Greaves
- 1880–1881: George James Symons FRS, first time
- 1882–1883: Sir John Knox Laughton
- 1884–1885: Robert Henry Scott FRS
- 1886–1887: William Ellis FRS
- 1888–1889: William Marcet FRS
- 1890–1891: Baldwin Latham
- 1892–1893: Charles Theodore Williams, first time
- 1894–1895: Richard Inwards
- 1896–1897: Edward Mawley
- 1898–1899: Francis Campbell Bayard
- 1900: George James Symons FRS, second time; died in office
- 1900: Charles Theodore Williams, second time
- 1901–1902: William Henry Dines
- 1903–1904: Captain David W. Barker Kt RNR
- 1905–1906: Richard Bentley
- 1907–1908: Hugh Robert Mill FRSE
- 1910–1911: Henry Mellish CB
- 1911–1912: Henry Newton Dickson FRSE
- 1913–1914: Charles John Philip Cave, first time
- 1915–1917: Sir Henry George Lyons FRS
- 1918–1919: Sir Napier Shaw FRS
- 1920–1921: Reginald Hawthorn Hooker
- 1922–1923: Charles Chree FRS
- 1924–1925: Charles John Philip Cave, second time
- 1926–1927: Sir Gilbert Walker CSI FRS
- 1928–1929: Richard Gregory
- 1930–1931: Rudolf Gustav Karl Lempfert CBE
- 1932–1933: Sydney Chapman FRS
- 1934–1935: Ernest Gold DSO OBE FRS
- 1936–1937: Francis John Welsh Whipple
- 1938–1939: Sir Bernard A. Keen FRS
- 1940–1941: Sir George Clarke Simpson KCB CBE FRS
- 1942–1944: David Brunt FRS
- 1945–1946: Gordon Manley
- 1947–1949: G. M. B. Dobson FRS
- 1949–1951: Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt CB FRS
- 1951–1953: Sir Charles Normand CIE
- 1953–1955: Sir Graham Sutton CBE FRS
- 1955–1957: Reginald Sutcliffe
- 1957–1959: Percival Albert Sheppard
- 1959–1961: James Martin Stagg CB OBE
- 1961–1963: Howard Latimer Penman
- 1963–1965: John Stanley Sawyer FRS
- 1965–1967: G. D. Robinson
- 1967–1968: F. Kenneth Hare
- 1968–1970: John Mason FRS
- 1970–1972: Frank Pasquill
- 1972–1974: Robert B. Pearce FRSE
- 1974–1976: Raymond Hide FRS
- 1976–1978: John T. Houghton FRS
- 1978–1980: John Monteith FRS
- 1980–1982: Philip Goldsmith
- 1982–1984: Henry Charnock CBE FRS
- 1984–1986: Andrew Gilchrist
- 1986–1988: Richard S. Scorer
- 1988–1990: Keith Anthony Browning FRS
- 1990–1992: Stephen Austen Thorpe FRS
- 1992–1994: Paul James Mason
- 1994–1996: John E. Harries
- 1996–1998: David J. Carson
- 1998–2000: Sir Brian Hoskins CBE FRS
- 2000–2002: David Burridge
- 2002–2004: Howard Cattle
- 2004–2006: Chris Collier
- 2006–2008: Geraint Vaughan
- 2008–2010: Julia Slingo OBE
- 2010–2012: Tim Palmer FRS
- 2012–2014: Joanna Haigh CBE FRS
- 2014–2016: Jennie Campbell
- 2016–2018: Ellie Highwood
- 2018–2020: David Warrilow OBE
- 2020–2022: David Griggs
- John Farrah (1849–1907).
- ^ Early members of the society Archived 4 August 2012 at archive.today
- ^ "An interview with Professor Paul Hardaker, the new Chief Executive of the Royal Meteorological Society". Weather. Royal Meteorological Society. 61 (11): 299. 16 January 2007. doi:10.1002/wea.2006611102. S2CID 247674671.
- ^ The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. Oxford University Press. 1998. p. 176.
- ^ "Royal Meteorological Society".
- ^ "Publications – Royal Meteorological Society". Retrieved 28 December 2019.
- ^ "Classic Papers". Retrieved 28 December 2019.
- ^ Local Centres
- ^ Special Interest Groups
- ^ Royal Meteorological Society. "History of the Society: RMetS Past Presidents". Retrieved 15 August 2021.
- ^ Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
- ^ Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1901. .
- ^ "Royal Meteorological Society". The Times. No. 36076. London. 27 February 1900. p. 5.
- ^ "New President takes up office". Royal Meteorological Society. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- ^ "New President and Vice-Presidents take up office". Royal Meteorological Society. 30 September 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
- ^ "Fellows" (PDF). rmets.org. Royal Meteorological Society. p. 11. Retrieved 15 May 2021.