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Francis Baring, 3rd Baron Ashburton

Francis Baring, 3rd Baron Ashburton (20 May 1800 – 6 September 1868),[1] was a British peer Whig and later Tory politician.


The Lord Ashburton
Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for Thetford
In office
1830–1831
Serving with Lord James FitzRoy
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for Thetford
In office
1832–1841
Serving with
Preceded by
  • Alexander Baring
  • Lord James Fitzroy
Succeeded by
  • Bingham Baring
  • Earl of Euston (1)
Member of the United Kingdom Parliament
for Thetford
In office
1848–1857
Serving with Earl of Euston (2)
Preceded by
  • Earl of Euston (2)
  • Hon. Bingham Baring
Succeeded by
Personal details
Born(1800-05-20)20 May 1800
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died6 September 1868(1868-09-06) (aged 68)
Political partyTory
Other political
affiliations
Whig
ChildrenAlexander Baring, 4th Baron Ashburton

Early lifeEdit

He was born in Philadelphia, United States, the second son of Alexander Baring and Ann Louisa, the daughter and coheiress of the wealthy William Bingham of Blackpoint, Philadelphia, a US Senator. He was the younger brother of Bingham Baring. Francis was educated privately and at Geneva and in 1817 joined Baring Brothers, the family bank. After successfully travelling on business to North America and the West Indies he was made a quarter share partner in the bank in 1823.[2]

Hoever, after unfortunate financial speculations in Mexican land and in the French sugar market, he was demoted to a non-executive director in 1828 and in 1830 was given his brother's Parliamentary seat for Thetford.

Political careerEdit

He was elected at the 1830 general election as a Whig Member of Parliament (MP) for the borough of Thetford in Norfolk,[3] and held the seat until the 1831 election, which he did not contest.[3] He was re-elected in 1832 as a Tory,[4] and held the seat as a Conservative until the 1841 general election, which he did not contest.[4]

He was returned again for Thetford at a by-election in August 1848,[4] and held the seat until his resignation through appointment as Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds on 30 November 1857.[5]

Baring succeeded to the barony in 1864 on the death of his brother, Bingham Baring, becoming the 3rd Baron Ashburton.

FamilyEdit

He married in 1832 Claire Hortense (c. 1812 – 1882), a daughter of Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano, and moved to live in Paris. He was the father of Alexander Baring, 4th Baron Ashburton, and Hon. Marie Anne Louise Baring (wife of William FitzRoy, 6th Duke of Grafton).

Styles of addressEdit

  • 1800-1830: Mr Francis Baring
  • 1830-1831: Mr Francis Baring MP
  • 1831-1832: Mr Francis Baring
  • 1832-1835: Mr Francis Baring MP
  • 1835-1841: The Honourable Francis Baring MP
  • 1841-1848: The Honourable Francis Baring
  • 1848-1857: The Honourable Francis Baring MP
  • 1857-1864: The Honourable Francis Baring
  • 1864-1868: The Right Honourable The Lord Ashburton

LegacyEdit

The town of Ashburton, New Zealand, is named for Francis Baring, who was a member of the Canterbury Association.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)
  2. ^ "BARING, Francis (1800-1868), of The Grange, nr. Alresford, Hants and 82 Piccadilly, Mdx". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 228. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  4. ^ a b c Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 305. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
  5. ^ Department of Information Services (14 January 2010). "Appointments to the Chiltern Hundreds and Manor of Northstead Stewardships since 1850" (PDF). House of Commons Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2010.

External linksEdit