Françoise-Marie Jacquelin

Françoise-Marie Jacquelin (1621–1645) was an Acadian heroine and wife of Charles de Saint-Étienne de la Tour.[1]

Françoise-Marie Jacquelin
Madame La Tour Defending Fort St.Jean.jpg
Jacquelin at the Siege of St. John (1645)
BornNogent-le-Rotrou Edit this on Wikidata
Baptised18 July 1621 Edit this on Wikidata
Died1645 Edit this on Wikidata
Saint John Edit this on Wikidata
A portrait of Françoise-Marie Jacquelin.
"Madame La Tour a Prisoner at Penobscot", by W L Sheppard

BiographyEdit

Françoise-Marie Jacquelin was born[2] and baptized on July 18, 1621 in Nogent-le-Rotrou.[1][3] According to Charles de Menou d'Aulnay, Jacquelin was the daughter of an actress in Paris. According to others, she was the daughter of a doctor,[1] or of a businesswoman.

In 1640 she sailed from France to Port Royal to marry de la Tour. They settled at Fort la Tour at the mouth of the Saint John River.[1]

Jacquelin quickly became involved in the Acadian Civil War, her husband's struggle with Charles de Menou d'Aulnay for control of Acadia. She evaded a blockade d'Aulnay had established and returned to France to plead her husband's case to the king. She returned to Acadia with a warship laden with supplies for Fort la Tour.[1]

In 1645, while la Tour was in Boston, d'Aulnay attacked the fort. Jacquelin assumed command of the garrison there, refused to surrender, and led a pitched three-day battle to defend the fort. On the fourth day, with the walls of the fort breached and having taken heavy casualties, Jacquelin surrendered. D'Aulnay executed the surviving soldiers. Madame de La Tour was forced to watch the hangings. She died three weeks later.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "JACQUELIN, FRANÇOISE-MARIE". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto Press. 1979–2005. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
  2. ^ "Françoise-Marie Jacquelin". Dictionnaire des Femmes de l'ancienne France. SIEFAR. 2015. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  3. ^ Baptized on July 18th, 1621 in Nogent-le-Rotrou in France (Source Jean-Marie Germe (2001) Les Amitiés Généalogiques Canadiennes-Françaises/DGFA Moncton 2003)